Farmer beware! Danger on Punjab’s crops, production may be less; understand in detail

The weather is likely to hit the crops of Punjab. It is being said that due to the increasing average temperature, the production in the state may decrease by the year 2050. One reason for this is believed to be climate change. Experts believe that maize has been said to suffer the most during this period. It is followed by cotton and wheat.

Recently, scientists and agricultural economists of Punjab Agricultural University had studied. In the study, information about the impact of climate change on five important crops of Punjab was collected. For this, the rainfall and temperature data of the last 35 years was taken. This study was published in the journal ‘Mausam’ of the Indian Meteorological Department.

According to a media report, researchers Sunny Kumar, Baljinder Kaur Sidhana and Smiley Thakur said, ‘Our results indicate that productivity of most crops decreases due to increase in average temperature. The adverse effects of climate change on agricultural production indicate a risk to food security for the farming community.

Experts have estimated that the maximum loss can be 13 percent in maize, 11 percent in cotton and 5-5 percent in wheat-potato. Data of 35 years shows that there will be a drop of 107 mm in total rainfall during paddy cultivation i.e. from June to September. Whereas, in the maize season (May to October), this figure reached 257 mm.

Climate data was taken from five different observatories of PAU. These include Ludhiana, Patiala, Faridkot, Bathinda and SBS Nagar.

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