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Patna: In the politics of Bihar, BJP has got ‘USF’ factor in its hands. Through this factor, BJP will destroy the Grand Alliance. What is this factor and how will it work, we will tell you further. The BJP is focussing on a ‘unique’ social equation to defeat the grand alliance of the Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) and the Janata Dal United (JDU) in Bihar in the 2024 Lok Sabha elections, which includes mostly backward along with ‘forward’ castes. community is included. ‘USF’ factor means Unique Social Factor. Unique social equation. Lalu Prasad’s RJD may be the strongest party in the ruling grand alliance in Bihar, but the BJP believes that its path to victory depends on making a dent in Chief Minister Nitish Kumar’s JD(U). The JDU has long enjoyed widespread support from non-Yadav backward castes and Dalit communities.
Amit Shah’s focus on Bihar
Union Home Minister Amit Shah will participate in various programs organized in Bihar on the birth anniversary of Maurya ruler Ashoka on Sunday. This will be his fourth visit to Bihar in the last seven months. The programs scheduled by Shah during this period are being seen as a major part of the BJP’s ambitious strategy to woo the populous Kushwaha (Koiri) community in Bihar. The Kushwaha community believes that Emperor Ashoka is related to them. The share of the Kushwaha community in Bihar’s population is estimated to be close to seven to eight percent, which is the highest after the Yadav community. The Kushwaha community has traditionally supported Nitish in elections.
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Samrat Chaudhary was made the state president
By appointing Samrat Chaudhary belonging to the Kushwaha community as its state president, the BJP has expressed its intention to make every possible effort to woo the people of this community. Hitting out at Nitish, Choudhary said the Bihar chief minister has not done anything for the Kushwaha community, he has only “betrayed” him. He insisted that the BJP would get support from various communities in Bihar, which sends 40 MPs to the Lok Sabha. BJP leaders said that both Yadav and Kurmi (Nitish belongs to this caste) community have been chief ministers in Bihar, so the Kushwaha community feels that it should now have a chief minister in the state. He said that the BJP can capitalize on this for its own benefit.
People fed up with Nitish’s rule – BJP
Nagmani, a veteran Bihar leader and a vocal critic of the RJD-JDU alliance, said that people are fed up with the more than three-decade-long rule of ‘Lalu-Nitish’. He said that Yadavs and Kurmis have had a share in power, but Kushwaha has been left behind. Nagmani comes from the Kushwaha community. Along with efforts to garner the support of the Kushwaha community, the BJP is also working on a comprehensive plan to increase its support base among several small castes in terms of population that fall under the category of Extremely Backward Classes (EBCs). These castes can play an important role in turning the tide of the election results. A BJP leader said that it was for this reason that the party had fielded Shambhu Sharan Patel as its candidate for the Rajya Sabha elections last year. Significantly, Patel does not enjoy much support in the party organization, but he comes from the Dhanuk caste, which is part of the EBC. It is believed that this is the reason why he proved to have an upper hand in his candidature for the Rajya Sabha elections.
BJP’s eye on VIP also
The BJP’s efforts to reach out to parties such as the Mukesh Sahni-led Vikassheel Insaan Party are also seen as part of this strategy. Sahni claims to represent a number of sub-castes that traditionally worked as boatmen. The BJP has also maintained cordial relations with Lok Janshakti Party (Ram Vilas) leader Chirag Paswan, who is quite popular among the Paswans, the most populous Dalit community in the state. During the earlier JDU-BJP alliance under Nitish, the ‘forward castes’ and most of the backward castes may have come together to support an alliance, but they have traditionally been supporters of different parties. Now the BJP is focusing on achieving the rare feat of bringing these castes together in its support.
Special planning for Bihar
Backward castes in Bihar have traditionally been inclined towards ‘Mandal’ parties with socialist ideology. The BJP is trying hard to reverse this trend in the upcoming elections. As in 2014, in 2024 too the BJP is likely to contest elections mainly on its own in alliance with smaller parties in Bihar. However, unlike in 2014, it is expected to contest elections with RJD and JDU in 2024. Left parties and Congress are also likely to be part of his alliance. In the 2014 general election, the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) won 31 of the 40 Lok Sabha seats in Bihar and secured nearly 39 percent of the vote. Political analysts believe that to achieve similar success in the 2024 Lok Sabha elections, the BJP will need to attract more voters against a united opposition.
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