Constitution Day 2023: 26 November is celebrated as Constitution Day in India. National Law Day also happens on this day. 26th November is a very special day for every Indian citizen and makes him feel proud. This is the day when that book was prepared which has given us the right to live with freedom and equality. On November 26, 1949, the present Constitution was duly adopted by the Constituent Assembly of the country. The Constitution was prepared and dedicated to the country. It is the Constitution that makes us feel like a free citizen of a free country. While the fundamental rights given by the Constitution become our shield and give us our rights, the fundamental duties given in it also remind us of our responsibilities.
26 November 1949 was a big historical day in the history of independent India. On this day the constitution was completed and adopted. In memory of this day, Constitution Day is celebrated every year on 26 November. This day is celebrated to promote a sense of respect among citizens towards constitutional values.
When and why was the decision to celebrate Constitution Day taken?
The foundation of this day was laid in the year 2015. This year was the 125th birth anniversary of Dr. BR Ambedkar, the creator and father of the Constitution. On 26 November 2015, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment had notified the Central Government’s decision to observe this day as ‘Constitution Day’.
Difference between 26th January and 26th November
On 26 November 1949, our Constitution was prepared and it was adopted by the Constituent Assembly. But two months after this date, on 26 January 1950, the Constitution was implemented in the country. 26th November is Constitution Day and Law Day and 26th January is Republic Day.
Who wrote the Constitution of India, where is its original handwritten copy, know 20 interesting things about it on Constitution Day
Why delay in implementation
Now the question is that when our Constitution was ready on 26 November 1949, then why was it implemented with a delay of two months i.e. on 26 January 1950. Why waited so long? The reason for this dates back to the freedom struggle 20 years ago. In fact, on January 26, 1930, Congress had given the slogan of complete independence of the country or complete Swaraj. In memory of this, we waited till 26 January 1950 to implement the Constitution.
On 19 December 1929, Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru was elected the new President of the Congress in the Lahore session of the Congress. On this day the demand for complete Swaraj was made. It was decided that the country’s Independence Day would be celebrated on the last Sunday of January. This date was 26 January 1930. This demand for complete Swaraj was made public on 26 January 1930. On this day, Pandit Nehru hoisted the tricolor flag on the banks of Ravi river in Lahore. In this way, 26th January was a very special day for which we waited.
Give this short and easy speech on Constitution Day on 26th November
Why is the Constitution of India special?
The Indian Constitution is the longest written constitution in the world. Many of its parts have been taken from the constitutions of the United Kingdom, America, Germany, Ireland, Australia, Canada and Japan. It describes the fundamental rights, duties of the citizens of the country, role of the government, powers of the Prime Minister, President, Governor and Chief Minister. What is the work of the Legislature, Executive and Judiciary, what is their role in running the country, all these things are mentioned in the Constitution.
In how many days was it ready?
It took 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to prepare the entire Constitution. It was completed on November 26, 1949.
– The original copy of the Constitution was handwritten in English by Prem Bihari Narayan Raizada. It is written in italic letters through excellent calligraphy.