Republic Day Speech, Essay:India is celebrating its 75th Republic Day on 26 January 2024. If we understand in simple language, on this day on 26 January 1950, the Constitution of India was adopted and India became a republic. Talking about the celebrations, at the beginning of the Republic Day celebrations, the Prime Minister pays tribute to the brave soldiers by offering flowers at the Amar Jawan Jyoti (India Gate). After this, the President of India hoists the flag, Air Force, Army and Navy personnel give a 21-gun salute to the soldiers martyred in the freedom struggle. After this, the national anthem is played and Veer Chakra, Param Vir Chakra, Ashok Chakra, Mahavir Chakra and Kirti Chakra are played. Awards are given to the winners of other awards. The parade starts with saluting the President and displays cannons, missiles, weapons etc. School children present colorful programs. This is about the Republic Day celebrations. Now let's talk. About the facts related to the history of this day-
As you know that the Constitution of India came into force on this day, let us tell you that the draft of the Constitution of the Republic of India was prepared by a drafting committee which was led by Dr. BR Ambedkar.
The 'Indian Constitution' is the longest written constitution in the world.
One of the main goals of celebrating Republic Day is to honor the Indian Constitution and pay tribute to the freedom fighters of our country who lost their lives during the freedom struggle.
Republic Day was declared a national holiday in India after Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of independent India, hoisted the national flag on 26 January 1950.
Republic Day is celebrated on 26 January because on this day in the year 1930, the 'Indian National Congress' had declared complete independence from the British rule.
Every year, the President or Prime Minister of another country or nation attends the Republic Day as the chief guest. This year, Egyptian President Abdel Fatah al-Sisi will attend India's Republic Day celebrations as the chief guest.
The chief guest of India's first Republic Day was President Sukarno of Indonesia.
The event culminates with the 'Beating Retreat Ceremony' at Vijay Chowk on 29 January. With this the four-day Republic Day celebrations come to an end.
The original hand-written copies of the Constitution in Hindi and English are kept in the Library of the Parliament of India in a 'case' filled with helium gas. The original copy contains 22 parts, 395 articles and 8 schedules.
Every year a Christian hymn 'Abide with Me' is played at the end of the Republic Day celebrations. It is believed that this was one of the favorite hymns of Mahatma Gandhi.