Indian people are celebrating 75th Republic Day this time. Preparations are going on in full swing in schools, colleges and government institutions across the country for the festival of 26 January 2024. Someone is preparing a speech for this program and someone is getting the best dress prepared for it. But many people will also have this question in their mind that when our Constitution was surrendered after being passed by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, then why do we celebrate Republic Day only on 26 January?
The 1929 Lahore session of Congress was behind this. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the president of the Lahore session of December 1929. The Indian National Congress, under the leadership of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, declared Complete Swaraj on 19 December 1929. Along with this, along with openly rebelling against the British, Congress announced to celebrate the first Independence Day in the entire country on 26 January 1930. It is said that on January 26, 1930, meetings were organized at various places across the country and people took oath to achieve independence. This is the reason that after getting independence on 15 August, the leaders of the Constituent Assembly had decided to implement it in the entire country from 26 January 1950 and celebrate this day as Republic Day.
Special things related to the making of the Indian Constitution:
– The idea of forming a Constituent Assembly in India was first put forward by MN Roy in 1934.
– In 1935, for the first time, the Indian National Congress demanded the formation of a Constituent Assembly to frame the Constitution.
– In 1940, the British Government accepted the demand for the formation of a Constituent Assembly, which is known as the 'August Proposal' of 1940.
– 8 big committees and many other committees were formed for the making of the constitution.
– The most important committee formed for the making of the Constitution was the 'Draft Committee' whose chairman was Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was.
– The drafting committee was formed on 29 August 1947.
-The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly was held on 9 December 1946.
– In the first meeting of the Constituent Assembly, Dr. Sachchidanand Sinha was elected as the temporary Chairman.
– On 11 December 1946, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected a permanent member of the Constituent Assembly.
– On 25 January 1947, HC Mukherjee was elected Deputy Speaker of the Constituent Assembly.
– On 13 December 1946, Pandit Nehru presented the historic 'Objective Resolution', the modified form of which was considered the preamble of the Constitution.
– Till 26 November 1949, the Assembly continued to function as both the legislature and the Constituent Assembly. In the legislature meeting, GV Mavalankar presided over the meeting.