World Tuberculosis Day 2024: Is Tuberculosis Contagious? How is it transmitted? What are the early symptoms?

World Tuberculosis Day 2024: Is Tuberculosis Contagious?  How is it transmitted?  What are the early symptoms?

World Tuberculosis (TB) Day 2024: Tuberculosis (tuberculous disease).. It is one of the deadly diseases. Once upon a time, many people lost their lives in the world due to this disease. After that, some people have been affected by this disease. Around 1.3 million people are estimated to be affected by this disease in 2022. This disease is caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is transmitted to another person by coughing, sneezing, and spitting. However, doctors say that this disease can be prevented if proper precautions are taken. Tuberculosis Day is being observed on March 24 every year to raise awareness about this disease. Why is this being done on this day? What is the history? What are the precautions to be taken? Let's take a look.

What is the history? 

A few years ago, a few crores of people worldwide were affected by TB. Depressed. What is the cause of this disease? Dr. Robert Koch has done research on why it gets infected. After many days of research, it was concluded that this disease is caused by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. On March 24, 1882, Robert Koch disclosed this poison.  To this extent, research related to TB has started in earnest since then. Treatment was prescribed for it. With this, the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, which recognized Koch's behavior, proposed March 24 as TB Day in 1982. After that, since 1983, this day is being celebrated as TB Day. Every year, TB Day is celebrated on March 24. It is administered to cure tuberculosis. As a part of that, every year they present a slogan in their house. This year's “Yes! We can end TB” These symptoms appear before TB. Be alert and consult a doctor immediately.

⦿ Coughing without stopping for three weeks.
⦿ Bloody sputum.
⦿ Sudden weight loss.
⦿ Often Fever.
⦿ No appetite.
⦿ Fatigue, listlessness.
⦿ Night sweats.

What are the precautions to take? 

Prevention is better than cure. It is said that if there is no disease in our care, it will be spread. If we take such precautions, we can protect ourselves from TB as well. Doctors say that if you follow some small tips and take precautions, you can get infected with TB. Here are some more tips.. Let's have a look.

1. When you have a weak immune system, when there are TB patients around you or even if you are in an area where there are many TB patients. TB bacteria thrive in closed places. Hence, ventilation should be ensured. If the air is good, the bacteria will be diluted. Spread from one person to another.

3. Areas should be kept clean. Especially when you cough and sneeze, you should wash your hands thoroughly.

4. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or hand handkerchief when you cough or sneeze. Thus, TB can spread from person to person.

5. Wear a mask if you have TB or TB patients are around you. 

6. It is better to take the vaccine as a precaution. Better to take Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine. 

7. The immune system should be kept strong. Only then TB will not be infected. It should be done like exercising during the day and getting a full night's sleep. Especially smoking, taking alcohol should be avoided. 

8. Treatment begins.. It is better to stay away from those who are infected with TB as much as possible.

9. Treatment should be taken after TB infection. Full course should be used. It is not a spread to someone else. Reduces risk.

10. For those who are at high risk for TB infection, it is better if health workers do regular screening. It can prevent person-to-person transmission.

Note: Information collected from various studies, researches and health journals for your understanding. Presented here as usual. This information is not a substitute for medical care or treatment. If you have any doubts regarding health, you should definitely consult a doctor. For the items mentioned in this article, “ABP Country'', ‘ABP Network’ Note that no liability is assumed.

Also Read: Symptoms of Sunburn-Do you know what precautions to take..

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