World Hindi Day 2024, World Hindi Diwas: Today the world is celebrating World Hindi Day. It is celebrated every year on 10 January to promote Hindi in the world. The first World Hindi Day was celebrated in Nagpur on January 10, 1975. The announcement of formally celebrating World Hindi Day was made in 2006. Apart from promoting Hindi at the global level, World Hindi Day is also celebrated to unite Indians living in various countries around the world. Today Hindi is included among the most powerful languages of the world but let us also tell you why we could not establish Hindi as our national language. Even today Hindi is not our national language but is the official language, i.e. the language used in the functioning of the state. Hindi got the status of official language on 14 September 1949 but long debates went on regarding the national language but nothing came out of it.
Learn 10 interesting things about Hindi here
1.Difference between World Hindi Day and Hindi Day
There is a difference between World Hindi Day and Hindi Day. Hindi Diwas in India falls on 14 September. World Hindi Day is celebrated every year on 10 January. The objective of both the days is to promote Hindi. The objective of World Hindi Day is to promote it at the global level. On 14 September 1949, the Constituent Assembly had decided to make Hindi the official language of India. National Hindi Day is celebrated in memory of this day. Whereas the purpose of World Hindi Day is to promote Hindi in the world. On January 10, 2006, the Government of India had announced to celebrate it as World Hindi Day. The first World Hindi Conference was organized in Nagpur on January 10, 1975. Till now, World Hindi Conferences have been organized in India including Port Louis, Spain, London, New York, Johannesburg etc.
2. Hindi could not become the national language of the country due to division of votes.
Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi had called Hindi the language of the masses. He wanted Hindi to become the national language. In the Hindi Sahitya Sammelan organized in 1918, he had asked to make Hindi the national language. After independence, after a long discussion, finally on 14 September 1949, the decision was taken in the Constituent Assembly to make Hindi the official language. Many people were not happy with the idea of Hindi being made the national language. Many said that if everyone has to speak Hindi then what would be the meaning of independence. In such a situation Hindi could not become the national language.
3. Hindi is the third most spoken language in the world after English and Mandarin.
World Hindi Day 2024: Why is World Hindi Day celebrated, how is it different from National Hindi Day?
4. The world's most famous Oxford Dictionary is giving place to Indian words every year. Oxford has also included the words self-reliance, chaddi, Bapu, Surya Namaskar, Aadhaar, Nari Shakti and good in its prestigious dictionary. 'Hey man!', Bhelpuri, Churidar, Dhaba, Badmaash, Chup, Funda, Chacha, Chaudhary, Chamcha, Dadagiri, Jugaad, Pajama, Keema, Papad, Curry, Chutney, Avatar, Cheetah, Guru, Gymkhana, Mantra, Maharaja, Words like Mughal, Nirvana, Pandit, Thug, Varanda are also included in it.
5. There is an island country named Fiji in the South Pacific Ocean region where Hindi has been given the status of official language.
6. Apart from India, Hindi is spoken and understood correctly but with some variations in Mauritius, Philippines, Nepal, Fiji, Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad, Tibet and Pakistan.
7. The Government of India established the Central Hindi Institute in 1963 for higher research in Hindi. It has eight centers across the country.
8. Presently Hindi is taught in hundreds of universities of the world and crores of people speak Hindi all over the world. Hindi is being taught in more than 150 educational institutions in America.
9. Apart from India, Fiji, Mauritius, Philippines, America, New Zealand, Uganda, Singapore, Nepal, Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad, Tibet, South Africa, Suriname, United Kingdom, Germany and Pakistan, but with some changes, Hindi is spoken. And it is understood.
10. The name Hindi is derived from the Persian word 'Hind', which means the land of the Indus River. The Persian-speaking Turks who invaded the Gangetic plain and Punjab gave the name 'Hindi' to the language spoken along the banks of the Indus River in the early 11th century. The language is an official language of India and a recognized minority language in the United Arab Emirates.