What is URL, WWW, Domain Name, & FTP

url, www, domain name, ftp

In this article, we will discuss What is URL, WWW, Domain Name Telnet, and FTP.

Uniform Resource Locator (URL), colloquially termed an internet.

Deal with is a reference to a web resource that specifies its area on a pc community and a mechanism for retrieving it.

URL is a selected type of Uniform Resource Identifier (URL), even though many humans use the 2 terms interchangeably.
URLs arise maximum commonly to reference net pages (HTTP) but also are used for document transfer.

(FTP), e-mail (mailto), database get admission to (JDBC), and many different applications.

Most web browsers show the URL of an internet web page above the page in cope with the bar.

A standard URL ought to have the form

Domain name: A Domain name is an identification string that defines a realm of administrative autonomy, authority, or control within the internet.
Domains are formed through the guidelines and processes of the area name gadget (DNS).

Any call registered inside the DNS is a site called.

Domains are utilized in diverse networking contexts and for utility-unique naming and addressing functions.

In standard, a website name represents a web Protocol (IP) resource, including a personal computer used to get admission to the net.

A server computer website hosting an internet website, or the web web page itself.

Some other services are communicated via the net.

In 2017, 330.6 million domain names were registered.

Domain names are prepared in subordinate degrees (subdomains) of the DNS root area, that’s nameless.

The primary-degree set of domain names is the top-level domain names (TLDs).

Such as the standard top-stage domain names (gTLDs), including the distinguished domains com, info, internet, edu, and org.

And the U.S Code top-stage domain names (ccTLDs).

Underneath these top-degree domains in the DNS, hierarchy is the second-level and 1/3-degree domains.

Which might be commonly open for reservation by using quit-users.

Who desires to attach nearby area networks to the internet, create different publicly available internet assets or run net websites.

The registration of these domain names is usually administered through area call registrars who sell their services to the general public.

A totally certified domain name (FQDN) is a domain name this is absolutely distinctive.

With all labels in the hierarchy of the DNS, having no elements not noted.

Labels in the area call machine are case-insensitive, and might, therefore, be written in any desired.

Capitalization technique, but maximum usual domain names are written in lowercase in technical contexts.

WWW full form

The worldwide web, also known as the WWW and the web, is a fact space wherein documents and different net assets are recognized.

Via Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by using hypertext links, and reachable via the net.

English scientist Tim Berners-Lee invented the world’s extensive web in 1989.

He wrote the first net browser in 1990 while employed at CERN near Geneva, Switzerland.

The browser becomes released outdoor CERN in 1991, first to different studies.

Establishments beginning in January 1991 and to the general public at the net in August 1991.

The sector huge internet has been valuable to the improvement of the facts Age.

And is the primary device billions of human beings use to engage on the internet pages are commonly textual content files formatted and annotated.

With Hypertext Markup Language HTML further to formatted textual content, web pages.

May additionally comprise pics, video, audio, and software additives

Which can be rendered in the user’s internet browser as coherent pages of multimedia content material.

Embedded links allow customers to navigate between net pages.

More than one web page with a common subject, a not unusual domain call, or each, make up a website.

Website content can largely be provided by way of the publisher, or interactively in which users.

Make contributions content material or the content depends upon the users or their actions.

Web sites can be frequently informative, ordinarily for amusement, or in large part for business, governmental, or non-governmental organizational reasons.


Telnet is a protocol used on the net or neighborhood place network to provide a bidirectional.

Interactive textual content-orientated communique facility using a virtual terminal connection.

User records are interspersed in-band with Telnet manage facts in an eight-bit byte orientated data connection.

Over the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP).

Telnet became advanced in 1969 starting with RFC 15, extended in RFC 855, and standardized as net Engineering challenge pressure.

(IETF) internet widespread STD 8, one of the first internet standards.

The name stands for “teletype network”.

Historically, Telnet supplied access to a command-line interface (normally, of an operating gadget).

On a faraway host, along with most community systems and running structures with a configuration application.

(such as systems primarily based on home windows NT).

[clarification needed] However, because of serious protection issues when the use of Telnet over an open community.

Including the internet, its use for this motive has waned extensively in the desire of SSH.

The term telnet is also used to refer to the software program that implements the consumer part of the protocol.

  • Telnet client packages are available for sincerely all laptop structures.
  • Telnet is likewise used as a verb.
  • To telnet, manner to set up a connection the usage of the Telnet protocol.
  • Both with command-line consumer or with a programmatic interface.

For instance, a commonplace directive might be:

To exchange your password, telnet into the server, log in, and run the password command.

Most customarily, a user may be telnetting to a Unix-like server machine or a network tool.

Inclusive of a router and acquiring a login set off to a command-line textual content interface or an individual-based full-screen manager.


The file transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol.

Used for the transfer of pc documents among a consumer and server on a computer network.

  • FTP is constructed on a patron-server model structure.
  • The usage of separate control and data connections between the consumer and the server.
  • FTP customers can also authenticate themselves with a clean-text.
  • Sign-in protocol, commonly in the form of a username and password,

But can connect anonymously if the server is configured to allow it.

For secure transmission that protects the username and password, and encrypts the content material,

FTP is frequently secured with SSL/TLS (FTPS) or replaced with SSH record switch Protocol (SFTP).

The primary FTP client packages were command-line programs developed.

Before working structures had graphical user interfaces, and are still shipped with most home windows, Unix, and Linux working structures.

Many FTP clients and automation utilities have due to the fact that been developed for computers, servers, mobile devices, and hardware.

FTP has been integrated into productiveness programs, consisting of HTML editors.

Also, read: Operating System Services

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