What is ESMA?
ESMA stands for Essential Services Management Act. It is known as the Essential Services Maintenance Act in Hindi. This law is used when workers go on strike. This law is used to stop the strike. The special thing is that this law can be imposed for a maximum of 6 months. However, before implementing this law, it is necessary for the government to give a notification to the employees.
Under what circumstances is the ESMA Act invoked?
Usually this law is imposed by any government when all the ways to stop the strike are closed. Along with this, the adverse effect of the strike starts falling on the essential services. The service on which this law is imposed. The workers associated with it cannot go on strike again. On the other hand, if an employee does not follow this law, then he can be imprisoned for 6 months or a fine of two hundred and fifty rupees or both.
What is MESMA??
Like ESMA, the government in Maharashtra has enacted the ‘Maharashtra Essential Services Maintenance Act’. The rules to implement which are exactly like ESMA.
What is the provision of punishment?
Prohibition of going on strike by employees of any essential service
There is a provision of imprisonment of one year or a fine of three thousand rupees for the employees who instigate the strike to participate in it.
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