These daysit is very difficult to tell when someone will have a heart attack. Every day we see on TV and papers about people who are very healthy and die of heart attacks. This is a medical emergency. The possibility of becoming fatal is very high. A heart attack occurs when plaque builds up in the arteries and becomes a blockage. If this plaque ruptures, the blood will clot. Due to this, it becomes difficult for blood and oxygen to reach the heart. At such a time the heart muscle gets irreversibly damaged and becomes fatal. People with a family history of heart disease are more likely to experience this condition.
People with chronic problems like unhealthy lifestyle, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes are also prone to heart attack.
Symptoms of heart attack
- Chest pain
- Chest tightness
- Shortness of breath
- Heart muscle pain
- Jaw or Pulling sensation in arm or upper body
Symptoms appear. Experts revealed that even if one of these symptoms appears, if you immediately consult a doctor and get treatment, you can get rid of heart attack. First some tests are done to find out if there is a heart attack or not.
Electrocardiogram test is done immediately after coming to the hospital to find out that there is discomfort in the heart. It records electrical signals from the heart. A heart attack can be detected by the heartbeat. But sometimes a heart attack does not show up on an ECG.
Imaging tests such as a chest X-ray or computed tomography can also help determine if a heart attack has occurred. Helps detect damage to the heart.
When a heart attack occurs, muscle proteins from the heart are released from damaged muscles into the blood. Cardiac muscle proteins such as myoglobin, troponin I, and troponin R are released into the blood. Diagnostic tests are done to identify these. A myocardial infarction test is performed. These diagnostic tests can help tell if a heart attack has occurred. These proteins usually rise within 6 to 12 hours after a heart attack. After 48 hours it will return to normal. Proteins like troponin can be detected even ten days after the attack.
Note: Information collected from various studies, researches and health journals is provided here as usual for your understanding. This information is not a substitute for medical care or treatment. If you have any doubts regarding health, you should definitely consult a doctor. For the items mentioned in this article, “ABP Country”, ‘ABP Network’ Note that no liability is assumed.