The heat in the country broke the record of 122 years in July, this month was so hot after 1901

The month of July has been the warmest in East and Northeast India in the last 122 years. During this period, less rain was also recorded in this region. The average maximum temperature was 33.75 degrees Celsius, which is 2.30 degrees above normal. Due to this people had to face the heat. This has been revealed in the monthly climate report of the India Meteorological Department (IMD).

According to the report, the average temperature in the region in July stood at 29.57 degrees Celsius, which was 1.64 degrees above normal. The mean minimum temperature in northwest India was the third highest since 1901. Last month, the minimum temperature in Northwest India was 24.3 degrees Celsius as against the normal temperature of 23.56 degrees Celsius. In such a situation, it is clear that even after good rains, there has been a significant increase in the temperature of July.

heat after record rain

According to the IMD report, this summer in East and Northeast India in July comes after Assam and Meghalaya recorded record rainfall in 122 years (858.1 mm) in June. This rainfall in both the states is much higher than the earlier record of 789.5 mm recorded in 1966. The average maximum temperature here in July was 33.75 degrees Celsius, which was 2.30 degrees above normal. Similarly, the average minimum was 25.40 degrees Celsius, which was 0.99 degrees above normal.

17 percent more rain in July

The entire country received 327.7 mm of rain in July, which is 17 per cent more than the long period average. This is the second highest rainfall after 2001. Earlier it happened in 2005. At the same time, the southern peninsula has the second highest rainfall after the years 1901 and 1961. Similarly, Central India has the fifth highest rainfall since 1944, 1932, 1942 and 1956 and 1901. During this period 12 meteorological stations including Pauri, Pathankot, Srinagar and Bhilwara recorded the highest rainfall.

uneven rain

In this report of the Meteorological Department, the matter of uneven rain pattern in July has come to the fore. It has affected the paddy area in eastern and northeastern India. Extremely uneven rainfall in the south-west monsoon affects the cultivation of paddy and other crops. Particularly in the Gangetic plains of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal, it has been the most affected. However, the monsoon rainfall in the region since June 1 was 8 per cent above normal.

15 percent less rain in east-northeast India

After 6 per cent above average rainfall across the country till August 5, there has been a rain deficit in East and Northeast India. Peninsular India received 35 per cent rainfall, central India 10 per cent and north-west India 2% above normal, but east and north-east India received 15 per cent less rainfall during this period. Similarly, West Bengal received 46 percent, Jharkhand 47 percent, Bihar 33 percent and Uttar Pradesh 42 percent less rain.

Higher temperature due to less rain: Sreejith

OP Sreejit, head of the Climate Monitoring and Forecasting Group in Pune, said, “East and Northeast India have witnessed the highest temperatures in July. The reason for this is the lack of rain in the region. The region was deficient in rainfall as the Monsoon Trough line was south of its normal position. Due to this condition, more rains occurred over central India and west coast, but east and northeast region remained dry, he said.

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