What is the story of Kurmi caste, which is important in politics from Bihar to UP-Gujarat

The people of Kurmi community were protesting demanding Scheduled Caste (SC) status. Due to this movement of Kurmi society, more than 250 express and passenger trains had to be done. However, now the agitation has been called off after getting a positive response. After this movement, there is a lot of discussion about the people of the caste. Along with this, because of Nitish Kumar in Bihar, the Kurmi class remains the center of discussion.

In such a situation, today we talk about the Kurmi society, what is the story of this class and how much influence the Kurmi class has in the political field. So let’s know the special things related to the Kurmi class….

Now Nitish Kumar has joined hands with Lalu Prasad Yadav. Now many things are happening due to this meeting of Yadav class of Kurmi class, because there is no cordial relationship between Kurmi and Yadav. However, right now the Kurmi class is making a special inroads into the political circles. The Kurmi community is an agricultural community. People of Kurmi community are known by surnames like Verma, Sachan, Boogar, Katiyar, Baiswar, Jaiswar, Mahto, Prasad, Sinha, Singh, Pradhan, Baghel, Chaudhary, Patidar, Kunbi, Kumar, Patil, Mohanty, Kanojia.

There are many Kurmis who do not even use surnames. There are people of this community in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Odisha, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Goa and Karnataka of India. Apart from Bihar, in Chhattisgarh, Chief Minister Bhupesh Baghel comes from the Kurmi community. In many states, the reservation of Kurmi class is OBC. At the same time, Kurmis come in the general category in Gujarat, where they are demanding to come under OBC. At the same time, in West Bengal, Odisha and Jharkhand, Kurmi are called Kudmi and they want to join ST.

influence of Kurmis in politics

According to the Indian Express report, there is no official data on the representation of the Kurmi class in the government. However, some reports have revealed that 1.3 lakh central jobs have been given through OBC quota in the last five years. At the same time, Kurmi society has got better representation especially in the civil services and medical colleges and universities of UP and Bihar. Also, there is political strength of Kurmi class in Bihar, UP, Odisha, Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh. There have been many leaders of Kurmi class in politics here, including Shiv Pujan Singh, former MP and Governor Siddheshwar Prasad, former Chief Minister Satish Prasad Singh etc.

Along with this, Ram Swaroop Verma was the Finance Minister in the first government of Charan Singh in UP (April 1967). At the same time, Satish Prasad Singh was the CM of the state for four days. In Uttar Pradesh, Sonelal Patel and now his daughters Union Minister Anupriya Patel and SP MLA Pallavi Patel are among the important leaders.

Kurmi in Uttar Pradesh?

This Indian Express report shows that the number of Kurmis in the UP assembly is currently 41, up from 34 in 2017. Kurmi leaders who contested on SP ticket defeated three ministers of Yogi Adityanath government. 22 Kurmis won the election from BJP.

This is the second straight assembly in UP, in which the number of Kurmis is more than that of Yadavs, even though the number of Yadav MLAs increased from 17 in 2017 to 25 in 2022. It is worth noting that when there were elections in the state, both SP and BJP had UP president Naresh Uttam Patel and Swatantra Dev Singh. If we look at the population wise, then OBCs constitute 43.13 percent of the population of UP, in which Yadavs are 19.4 percent and Kurmis are 7.46 percent.

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