What is the 6 decade old Maharashtra-Karnataka border dispute on which the war of words continues

last 6 decades old between maharashtra and karnataka border dispute Again in discussion. Karnataka Chief Minister Basavaraj Bommai has claimed 40 villages of Maharashtra as his own. Responding to this, Maharashtra’s Deputy Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis said, no village in Maharashtra will go anywhere. Former Maharashtra Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray has now entered in this whole matter. Uddhav says, Chief Minister Eknath Shinde does not have the courage to speak against Bommai. Have we lost our courage because the CM of Karnataka is claiming the villages of Maharashtra as his own.

The hearing of this entire matter will be held in the Supreme Court. In such a situation, the question is what is the Maharashtra and Karnataka border dispute, when and how did it start…

This is how the 6 decades old border dispute started, understand in 5 points

  1. In the year 1956, states were reorganized on the basis of language. During this, the leaders of Maharashtra demanded the inclusion of Marathi-speaking Belgaum, Khanapur, Nippani, Nandgad and Karwar back in Maharashtra. There is a dispute going on between the two states regarding the boundary of these places. When the dispute escalated, the central government constituted the commission. The commission was formed under the leadership of former Supreme Court Chief Justice Mehar Chand Mahajan.
  2. This is about the time when Karnataka was known as Mysore. The controversy also started because the then Chief Minister S. Nijalingpa agreed to a meeting with Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and the then Chief Minister of Maharashtra, VP Naik. When the commission gave its report, there was a clear refusal to merge Belagavi with Maharashtra. The dispute between the two states increased so much that it could not be resolved even in the meeting between the Chief Ministers of both the states. Both the states remained adamant on not leaving their place.
  3. In a BBC report, Maharashtra’s political analyst Mahesh Vijapurkar says, the people of Maharashtra are very sensitive about their Marathi language. That’s why this issue never ended. Political parties also keep raising this issue continuously. Through this, they keep expressing their expectations along with their identity. He says, if this issue is buried then it will be difficult to raise it again. This has been linked to Marathi identity.
  4. Efforts have been going on for the past several decades to integrate the separated Marathi-speaking areas back into Maharashtra. For this Maharashtra Integration Committee was formed. The representatives of this committee have been continuously visiting the Karnataka Assembly Constituency, but their number has decreased in the last few years. The committee says that people’s rights to democratic and dialogue have also been taken away.
  5. Deepal Dalvi, president of Maharashtra Integration Committee, says, we want to do dialogues in Marathi, but have to do it in Kannada. Whenever a state is formed on the basis of language, it becomes the responsibility of the government to provide communication facility to the linguistic minorities.

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