Those 10 battles in which the Mughals fled from the field.. How much was their sultanate affected?

If history has taught us anything, it is that not every battle can be won. There is no such empire in the world that can claim that it has never faced defeat in all the wars it has fought. and this thing Mughal Empire also applies to. History tells that the Mughals had powerful rulers and their mighty army She was also well trained, but in the same history it is also recorded that in some battles the Mughals also had to leave the field and run away. in many battles Chhatrapati Shivaji, Sher Shah, Tanhaji And Baji Rao Peshwa Like the Mughals could not stand in front of the knights and they had to face them.

Generally we remember less of their battles lost and more of their victories. But today we will tell you, those 10 battles About, in which the Mughals were defeated.

1). battle of chausa

The Mughal army was not only defeated in the battle of Chausa, but Emperor Humayun had to leave his provinces and run away. This battle was fought between Humayun and Afghan general Sher Shah Suri, at Chausa on June 26, 1539, leading to the establishment of the Sur Empire; It was a crushing defeat for the Mughals. Sher Shah was supported by the Ujjainiya Rajputs of Bhojpur. After the defeat of the Mughal army, Humayun fled the battlefield to save his life, and the victorious Sher Shah awarded himself the title of Farid al-Din Sher Shah.

2). Battle of Kannauj

Humayun along with his two brothers Askari Mirza and Hindal Mirza once again faced Sher Shah in the Battle of Kannauj on May 17, 1540. Humayun’s policy errors and the failure of the power of his arsenal once again put him in front of defeat. Sher Shah defeated the Mughal army for the second time in the battle of Kannauj. Humayun, almost like a fugitive, along with his brothers had to leave the battlefield to save his life.

3). Mughal-Safavid War

The Mughal–Safavid War of 1622–1623 was fought between the Safavid Empire and the Mughal Empire for the important fort city of Kandahar in Afghanistan. Shah Abbas, the ruler of Iran, wanted to recapture it ever since it was lost in 1595. In 1621, he ordered his army to assemble at Nishapur. Later he also joined his army and marched towards Kandahar, where he immediately started the siege of the fort as soon as he reached on 20 May.

Jahangir, despite knowing about the attack, was late in coming into action, and the small contingent of 3,000 soldiers could not last long in the absence of a new consignment. The relief force mobilized by the Mughals proved fruitless, and the city was defeated after a 45-day siege.

4). war of umbarkhind

The Battle of Umberkhind was fought on February 3, 1661. It was fought between the Maratha army under Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and General Kartalab Khan of the Mughal Empire. The Marathas decisively defeated the Mughal army in this battle.

5). battle of surat

The Battle of Surat, also known as the Sack of Surat, took place on January 5, 1664. It was an underground battle fought near the city of Surat in Gujarat between the Maratha ruler Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and the Mughal captain Inayat Khan. The Marathas ruthlessly defeated the Mughal army and plundered Surat for six days.

6). Battle of Sinhagad

The Battle of Sinhagad, also known as the Battle of Kondhana, took place on the night of February 4, 1670, at Sinhagad Fort. It was one of the first forts that Shivaji took back from the Mughals. It was carried out in the dark of night, climbing the walls with rope ladders. Maratha generals Udaybhan Rathore and Tanhaji were martyred in this battle, but the Marathas captured the fort. This fight and the exploits of Tanhaji are still very popular in Marathi stories.

7) war of salher

The Battle of Salher, fought between the Marathas and the Mughal Empire in February 1672, proved to be a decisive victory for the Marathas. It is considered particularly important, as it was the first battle in which the Marathas defeated the Mughals.

8). Battle of Vikramgarh

The Battle of Vikramgarh was fought in 1672 in Palghar district of Maharashtra, near Vikramgarh, between the Maratha Empire and the Mughal Empire. The Marathas were led by Prince Sambhaji, and the Mughals were led by Khizr Khan. The Marathas badly defeated the Mughal army, and further strengthened their hold on Kolwan.

9). Battle of Jaitpur

The Battle of Jaitpur was fought in March 1729 between Peshwa Baji Rao I on behalf of Chhatrasal Bundela, the Maratha ruler of Bundelkhand, and Muhammad Khan Bangash on behalf of the Mughal Empire. Bangash attacked Bundelkhand in December 1728. Chhatrasal, in view of his growing age and negligible military power, appealed to Baji Rao for help, under whose leadership the Maratha-Bundela alliance defeated Bangash at Jaitpur.

10). battle of karnal

The Battle of Karnal broke out on February 24, 1739, which proved to be a decisive victory for Nadar Shah, the founder of the Afsharid dynasty of Iran, during the invasion of India. His army defeated the Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah’s army within three hours. This battle is considered the most important gem of policy achievements during the military tenure of Nadar Shah. This fight took place near Karnal in Haryana.

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