The story of the Mughal emperor who accepted that his ancestors ruled India by force and fear

The Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was also known for his Urdu poetry. Even though he became emperor in 1837, by then a large part of the country had been occupied by the British. Only a few fragments of the Mughalia Sultanate were left. This was the reason that as the freedom struggle of 1857 was progressing, the Mughal Sultanate was lagging behind. This was the last period of Bahadur Shah Zafar, the last emperor of the Mughal Empire. The Raja-Maharajas of India tried to drive out the British together with them, but after 82 years, this battle of the emperor could not last long.

On 20 September, the British captured Delhi and all three sons of Bahadur Shah Zafar were shot in front of them. On September 21, Bahadur Shah was arrested and tried and exiled to Rangoon. There he took his breath.

book based on the statements of eyewitnesses

It is said that the last phase of Bahadur Shah Zafar was difficult and mysterious. Mysterious because the information about many things could not be revealed accurately. Many stories related to Bahadur Shah have been mentioned in Hasan Nizami’s book ‘Tears of the Begum’ i.e. ‘Tears of the Begum’.

Khwaja Hasan Nizami wrote 12 books on the events of 1857, all based on the eyewitnesses of the survivors. The most popular of these was the collection of short stories Begumat Ke Aanboor which was first published in 1922. It was also published in Hindi, Gujarati, Kannada, Bengali and Marathi. Khwaja Hasan Nizami personally met the survivors who were living in and around Delhi at that time and saved their stories.

Khwaja writes in the collection of stories Begumat’s tears that, if Bahadur Shah had not joined the revolt of 1857, he would have spent a few more days comfortably, but he fell into the trap of the rebel forces. As a result, the last days of his life were spent in great sorrow. My mother heard from her father Hazrat Khwaja Shah Ghulam Hasan that the day the emperor left the Delhi Fort, he went straight to the Dargah of Mehboob-e Ilahi. He was in a state of despair. Only a few eunuchs and the porter carrying his palanquin chair were with him. His face was covered with worry and his clothes were covered with dust. The white beard was laden with dirt. On hearing that the emperor had come to the dargah, my grandfather presented himself to His Majesty. On seeing my grandfather, a small smile came on his face. He sat down in front of the emperor and inquired about his condition.

Sometimes we destroyed someone’s lineage to sit on the throne

The emperor replied simply, ‘I said these were cursed rebels and it was a mistake to believe them. Now they have fled. I am a beggar, but I am a descendant of Taimur caste, which has the instinct and courage to fight. Even though my ancestors went through tough times, they never gave up hope. But my end has already been told to me. I am undoubtedly the last Taimur to sit on the throne of Hind. The lamp of the Mughal dynasty is about to go out, it will last only for a few more hours. Then why should I do unnecessary bloodshed? So I left the fort myself.

The king said, this country now belongs to God and he can give it to whomever he wants. For hundreds of years, my ancestors ruled India with force and fear. Now it’s time to rule others. We will be ruled and they will be the rulers. There is no reason to grieve, because we too removed someone from the throne and destroyed their lineage to establish our dynasty.

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