Prime Minister Narendra Modi will virtual inaugurate Smriti Chowk, built in Ayodhya, on the occasion of the 93rd birth anniversary of voice queen Lata Mangeshkar. The specialty of this square is the ‘Veena’ installed there. The length of the 14 ton Veena is 40 feet and the height is 12 meters. Veena also has its own history. Veena used in classical music has been a part of mythology. Know, interesting things about it…
Many interesting things related to Veena are recorded in history and mythology. According to a legend, the Veena was created by Lord Shiva. After preparing it, he dedicated it to Maa Parvati. Veena was essentially included in classical music until the medieval period, but things changed over time and it was replaced by the sitar.
In North India, instead of Veena, Sitar was used, but in South India, the importance of Veena among various musical instruments has not diminished even today. If we look at history, it is known that whenever there is talk of knowledge and music, Goddess Saraswati was described, she has always had a veena in her hands. This is the reason why the word ‘Veenavardandmanditkara’ has been used in his worship.
It is said that in the medieval period the sitar was made by mixing the veena and the banjo. Amir Khusro Dahlvi did the work to prepare it. Veena has 4 strings and there is no division in its length, whereas this is not the case in Sitar. Many times experiments were done to shorten the length of the veena, but those experiments did not prove to be worthwhile in terms of music.
The tales recorded in history tell that there was a period when many types of Veena were developed. Rudraveena, Tanjouri Veena and Vichitra Veena were part of that era. It was considered a symbol of wisdom, peace and music. Usually it is prepared from the wood of a tree named Jackwood. Its length is 1.5 meters. It is said that the sound of the veena cures the diseases of the mind.