How does the government of a state fall in the middle? Today, understand the arithmetic of minority and no-confidence motion

Maharashtra Political Crisis: There is a political crisis in Maharashtra. State Chief Minister and Shiv Sena chief Uddhav Thackeray (Uddhav ThackerayClouds of crisis are hovering over the Mahavikas Aghadi government headed by Mr. The reason is Eknath Shinde (Eknath Shinde, He is a strong leader of Shiv Sena, is the Minister of Urban Development in the Government of Maharashtra and till some time ago was also the leader of the Legislature Party. He was removed from the post of Legislature Party leader within a few hours after the party rebelled and failed to make contact with the MLAs after the ‘disappearance’. The Eknath Shinde camp has sent a letter signed by 34 MLAs to the Deputy Speaker of the state and has spoken of electing Eknath Shinde as its leader. The letter has the signatures of 30 Shiv Sena MLAs and 4 Independent MLAs.

Amidst the deteriorating political equations, it is being feared that a big upheaval can happen in Maharashtra. Eknath Shinde is adamant on his demands. If Eknath Shinde along with the MLAs separates from the government, then the government of Mahavikas Aghadi will become a government of minority. In such a situation, a no-confidence motion can be brought under the leadership of BJP.

However, let us know what is a no-confidence motion, what is its process and how it plays a big role in toppling the government…

No-confidence motion and its role

A no-confidence motion can be brought against the current government in any country with a democratic system or in any state. The opposition wants to prove through this that the current government does not have a majority and the government has come to a minority position. In this situation, the ruling party tries to topple or reject the no-confidence motion to remain in the government, that is, to save its government.

At present, if it is understood at the state level, then a no-confidence motion is given by the opposition to the speaker of the assembly. If the no-confidence motion brought by the opposition is accepted, then the ruling party has to give a floor test. That is, they have to prove their majority in the house. For this, he has to prove the magic figure i.e. equal to or more than the number of MLAs in his favor.

If the ruling party is not successful in proving majority in the house, then the government falls. As in the case of any bill i.e. Bill.

Confidence motion necessary to remain in government

Confidence motion is necessary for the government to continue in the country or state. The confidence motion has to be brought by the ruling party. The Prime Minister at the center and the Chief Minister in a state move the confidence motion. If the confidence motion is not passed, the government will fall. There are two situations for bringing a confidence motion from the ruling party. For the first time, at the time of formation of the government, to test the majority and in the second situation at the behest of the President at the center or at the behest of the governor in the state.

If the MLAs or MPs supporting the current government announce withdrawal of support, then the President or the Governor can ask the Prime Minister or the Chief Minister to bring a motion of confidence to gain the confidence of the House. A similar situation seems to be happening in Maharashtra right now.

What does the rule say?

Be it a confidence motion or a no-confidence motion, it is that part of the parliamentary process, through which the majority in the house is checked or proved. Above you must have understood that the no-confidence motion is always brought by the opposition parties, while the confidence motion is presented by the ruling parties to show their majority. At the same time, in special circumstances, the President or the Governor can also ask the government to prove the vote of confidence in the House. In the event of the ruling party winning the trust vote, after 15 days, the opposition can again bring a no-confidence motion against the government. But once the no-confidence motion by the opposition can be brought again only after 6 months.

General elections can be recommended to the President or the Governor by dissolving the Lok Sabha at the Center or the Legislative Assembly in the state. It is up to them to invite the new government or else, failing which, ask the present government to act as caretaker government till the elections are over and the new government is formed.

Understand the Guna-Mathematics of Maharashtra

Elections were held in Maharashtra with 288 assembly seats in 2019, in which BJP emerged as the single largest party in the state with 106 MLAs. Shiv Sena and BJP were together then, but the latter could not be formed in the alliance. Shiv Sena had 56 MLAs, which was supported by the Congress with 44 MLAs and the NCP with 53 MLAs and all three together formed the Maha Vikas Aghadi government in the state.

Out of the 170 MLAs of the Mahavikas Aghadi government, even if 25 MLAs break, they will still have the support of 145 MLAs and there is no danger of the government falling. But if 30 MLAs break, the support figure will drop to 140. In such a situation, the government will stay away from the majority figure (144) and will be in trouble.

In such a situation, the Uddhav government will come in minority and the opposition will try to bring a no-confidence motion by calling the house. In these circumstances, the role of the governor will be important. At the same time, the role of the speaker will become important when it comes to proving majority in the house.

In the midst of this political crisis, Uddhav Thackeray became emotional while interacting with the public. He said that my loved ones have deceived me, the people have taken care of me. If you do not want to see me in the chief minister’s chair, then come forward and demand, I will keep my resignation in my hand.

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