India became independent on August 15, 1947. Many kings of the country added their kingdoms to the Union of India. The Nizam, the king of the stubborn Hyderabad province, refused to join the Union and declared that he would rule independently. Because of this Kalaburgi, Bidar, Yadgiri, Raichur and Koppal districts of Hyderabad Karnataka did not become independent. Nizam’s decision enraged the people of Hyderabad province. Another independence movement took place in this part to join the Union of India. Many lives were lost there too.
Holiday Force Entry:
Most of this part wanted to join the Union of India. He also fought. To quell their cries, the Nizam mobilized his private army, Rajakarapade, to fight. The Nizam gave full freedom to his right-hand man Banta Qasim Rajvi, a fanatic, to suppress the liberation struggle. In July 1947, the Nizam ordered the arrest of the non-combatants. The Rajakars who were responsible for arresting the freedom fighters and protecting the Nizam’s sovereignty arrested and imprisoned more than three thousand fighters. The jails were overflowing. This decision of the Nizam was met with anger from the locals. At the end, people jumped into the liberation movement. The movements were led by Swami Ramananda Theertha.
Fighters who added people in the name of the festival:
The fight against the Nizam’s Rajakar force became intense. Kolluru Mallappa of Kalaburagi, Chandrasekhar Patil, DR Avaradi, Jagannath Rao Chandraki, Chatnahalli Veeranna, Bidar District SB Avadani, Yadgiri Vishwanath Reddy Mudnala, Koppal J. K. Praneshachar, Bangarashetti, Hakeekatarao of Chitaguppa and others fought. He was arrested many times, went to jail and was beaten up by vacationers. But the struggle was not abandoned. Also, under the guise of Ganeshotsava and Vijaya Dashami festivals, he used to gather people together and work to inform people about liberation.
The Unforgettable Gorta Massacre:
A major turning point in the Hyderabad liberation struggle was the massacre of freedom fighters at Gorta village in Bidar district on 9th May 1948. When India got its independence, Bavurao Patil and Vithoba Nirode hoisted the national tricolor in the village of Gorta. At this time, the associate of Rajakar not only lowered the flag but also insulted Bavarao Patil. They also ransacked Patil’s house. Enraged by the humiliation and looting of the house, Bavarao Patila killed Isamuddin, a fellow of the Rajakars. Isamuddin’s murder angered the holidaymakers
Abedhya Kote was the home of a farmer named Mahadevappa Dumani of Gorta village. Thus, hundreds of freedom fighters took shelter there. It is said that there were more than 800 soldiers there during the Rajakaru attack. There is a dark history that to avenge Isamuddin’s murder, his elder brother Chanda Patel led a group of Rajakars and attacked Gorta village and killed everyone.
Ruwari Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Entry of Indian Unification:
The soldiers lost patience with the massacre in Gorta village and killed many holidaymakers in retaliation. Because of this, Rajvi, who was a fanatic, was enraged, bloodshed, murders, extortions and rapes increased everywhere. Then the fighters met the then Home Minister, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the iron man of Indian unification. Patel laid a plan to level Qasim Rajvi. They thought of deploying military force to suppress him.
Obstructed Agreement; Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Idea:
According to the ‘Stand Still Agreement’ between the Government of India and the Nizam, the Indian Army was not allowed to touch the Hyderabad Government. This hindered the operation and could not bring the military force into action. Then Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Ambedkar together conducted a police operation in the name of ‘Operation Polo’ and created the Nizam of Hyderabad. The pages of history repeatedly say that Hyderabad Karnataka was liberated by the ingenuity of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, the architect of the constitution and the toughness of Patel, the man of steel.
Nizam Surrendered to Government of India:
The Patels managed to kill the Nizam by conducting a police operation. The Nizam surrendered the state of Hyderabad to the Union of India on September 17, 1948, admitting his defeat. As a result of the struggle of thousands of people on that day, the Amrit Mahotsav is being celebrated with much fanfare and the liberation of Hyderabad Karnataka region.
Seven Decades of Continued Imbalance:
Seven decades have passed since the independence of Hyderabad Karnataka region. But the dissatisfaction of the people of this part is that there has not been any change as claimed. Senior Congress leader Mallikarjuna Kharge, former CM N. Dharmasingh pressured the central government and succeeded in passing the 371J Bill to compensate for the Hyderabad-Karnataka imbalance. Section 371(J) has been implemented as a result of the struggle of hundreds of people including former minister Vaijnath Patil, senior activist Lakshmana Dasti, Nagalingaiah Mathapati. Later CM BS Yeddyurappa named Hyderabad Karnataka as ‘Kalyan Karnataka’ and celebrated it as Kalyan Karnataka Utsav during his tenure. Apart from the fact that the name has been changed to Kalyan Karnataka, the people’s accusation continues that welfare is not being achieved only in development.