Higher Education In Karnataka: Increase in number of female students in higher education

Higher Education In Karnataka: Increase in number of female students in higher education

  • Devraj Kanakpur

Bangalore: Karnataka’s Gross Enrollment Rate (GER) of students in higher education has increased marginally. The rate of 33.61 percent in 2019-20 is 33.84 percent in 2020-21. Overall there is an increase of 0.23 percent.

The state’s GER for the last four years has shown significant progress. Out of 33.84 percent, the ratio of male students is 32.94 percent and the ratio of female students is 34.80 percent. The proportion of female students has increased by 1.86 percent.

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What are the reasons?
The reason for the increase in GER is the increase in educational institutions every year and higher education being made available to all. As the state government is providing free education to girl students, a large number of them are getting admission in colleges. Further, courses have been designed according to the occupational market and the government has provided technical education to the students at the college level as well as textual education. Also, most of the companies today have a minimum graduation requirement for employment, so students are more inclined towards higher education.

District wise:

Among the 30 districts, Udupi is ranked first. The enrollment of students here is 72.15 percent. Earlier in this district it was 67.74 percent. In Dakshina Kannada it is 65.58 percent. If you look at it, there is a deficit compared to the previous year. In 2019-20, it was 67.47 percent. If we look at the districts with less access, Chamarajanagar 10.62%, Yadgiri 14.15%, Chikkamagaluru 16.84% are in the first, second and third position respectively.

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Situation in Bangalore:
Bengaluru urban and rural areas have the highest number of educational institutions, compared to other districts, not much progress has been made. Ben. Nagar is 54.47 percent and in Ben. Gram it is 32.28 percent. It has been found that the enrollment rate has increased by 53.61 percent in Ben. Nagar and 27.56 percent in Ben. Rural last year.

This GER is compiled by the Higher Education Department by collecting information about courses and colleges attended by students in the age group of 18 to 23 years. The current academic year 2022-23 is going on and the preparation of GER report for 2021-22 is in progress.

Target for each year:
In order to increase the number of students taking admission in higher education in the state, every year the Higher Education Department gives a target to each department conducting Bachelor’s and Master’s degree, professional course. Every year during the admission process, ‘Dakhlaati Andolan’ should be organized, visiting the secondary PU colleges to get information from the students and persuade them to get admission in their respective colleges. Department of College Education, Department of Technical Education, Higher Education has issued instructions to inform the students about the facilities available in government colleges.

Higher Education Minister Dr. C. N. Ashwatthanarayan said that the reason for the increase in GER is that everyone can get higher education. The demand for courses has also increased due to changes in the curriculum. The number of educational institutions has also increased in 3-4 years. He said that the announcement of free education is the main reason for the increase in the number of female students.

An increase of 0.23 percent over last year
34.80 percent- proportion of female students
32.94 percent- the proportion of students
72.15 percent- highest enrollment in Udupi
10.62%- Chamarajanagar is the lowest entry

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