International Peace Day 2022: Why is World Peace Day celebrated, what is the theme of this year

International Day Of Peace: International Day of Peace is celebrated all over the world on 21st September every year. On this day the United National General Assembly (UNGA) seeks to promote the ideals of non-violence, peace and cease-fire among nations and peoples. The theme of this year’s World Day of Peace is ‘End Racism. Build Peace’ which means ‘End Racism’. Make peace’.

Significance of World Peace Day- According to the United Nations, world peace is not just the absence of violence, but the creation of societies where everyone feels they can thrive. We have to create a world where everyone is treated equally irrespective of caste, race, religion. Proclaimed by the United Nations in 1981, this day is a day for humanity to rise above all differences, commit to peace and contribute to building a culture of peace.

History of World Day of Peace- In 2001, the official date of World Day of Peace was declared as 21 September. Earlier, the inaugural session of the annual general assembly was held on the third Tuesday of September. To commemorate this day, the United Nations Peace Bell is rung at the United Nations Headquarters in New York City. The Peace Bell was donated by the United Nations to Japan in June 1954. The bell tower was modeled after the Hanamido (a small temple decorated with flowers) which symbolizes the place where Gautama Buddha was born.

Why doves became a symbol of peace?- There are many historical stories behind this. It is believed that in an episode of the ‘Bible’, pigeons were seen helping humanity during a terrible flood. It is also said that the famous Spanish artist ‘Pablo Picasso”s use of pigeons in his paintings contributed greatly to his popularity as an angel of peace. In his famous Guernica painting depicting the tragedy of war, doves are shown healing wounded horses and cattle. Also, in 1949, Picasso painted a white dove in a poster for the World Peace Congress held in Paris.

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