Chandigarh: The Human Development Index 2021 report of 191 countries has been released under the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), in which India does not fare well. India ranks 132nd in the Human Development Index (HDI). Earlier in 2020, India was one place ahead i.e. 131st in this matter. However, in 2020 a list of 189 countries was shared. The ADI value of India in the current list is 0.6333. According to this criterion, India is in the medium human development category. This HDI value is lower than its value of 0.645 in the 2020 report.
India’s HDI value was 0.645 in 2019, which fell to 0.633 in 2021 due to a decline in the median age. The average life expectancy in India has decreased from 69.7 years to 67.2 years. Based on the report and the parameters on which it has been prepared, one of the issues is school education. Average years of schooling in India is 6.7 while it should be 11.9 years. The Human Development Index, based on health, education and average income, has declined in 2020 and 2021, compared to significant growth over the past five years.
India Even behind many neighboring countries
India’s current ranking is in line with global decline. It is being said about the current ranking that for the first time in 32 years there has been an obstacle in human development in the world. The average human lifespan has also declined globally, from 72.8 years in 2019 to 71.4 years in 2021. Experts are stressing on developing a sense of global solidarity to tackle the problem.
< br />The Human Development Index is designed around three key issues: long and healthy lives, access to education and a high standard of living. These issues are calculated based on 4 indicators, including life expectancy at birth, average years of schooling, expected years of schooling and gross national income (GNI) per capita.
< p>In Human Development Index, India lags behind all neighboring countries except Nepal and Pakistan. Sri Lanka is at the 73rd position in this list. China is ranked 79th, Bhutan 127th, Bangladesh 129th, Nepal 143rd and Pakistan 161st. The top five countries are Switzerland, Norway, Iceland, Hong Kong and Australia respectively.
World Press Freedom Index
The World Press Freedom Index report released in May ranked India at 142nd. slipped to 150th place from An organization called Reporters Without Borders has released this report. However, except for Nepal, there has been a decline in the ranking of other neighboring countries of India. In the ranking of 180 countries, Pakistan was ranked 157th, Sri Lanka 146th, Bangladesh 162nd and Myanmar 176th. Nepal’s position was reported to be better, ranked 76th.
Global Hunger Index
116 in the 2021 Global Hunger Index. Countries were included, of which India is ranked 101st. The report was released in October last year. In this report, neighboring countries Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal are mentioned ahead of India. Also, in 2020, India was ranked 94th out of 107 countries in the Global Hunger Index.
Britain’s Economist Intelligence Unit for 2020 India has been ranked 53rd in the global ranking of Democracy Index. Along with this, in 2019, India was at the 51st place. India was mentioned higher than neighboring countries in the list. In the list, Sri Lanka is at 68th position, Bangladesh at 76th position, Bhutan at 84th position and Pakistan at 105th position. Along with this, the top five countries include Norway, Iceland, Sweden, New Zealand and Canada respectively. North Korea was last ranked 167th. The Democracy Index report is prepared keeping in mind the state of democratic values and civil rights of the country.
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