Explained: Death of more than 100000 animals in Punjab due to lumpy skin! The condition of 12 states is critical

Lumpy Skin: These days in 12 states of the country a disease called Lumpy Virus is devouring animals. Its fury is causing havoc especially in Rajasthan. 57 thousand animals have died due to this disease in the state. Apart from this, large-scale steps are being taken to save animals in other states of the country, including Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab.

From the center to the state governments, the virus Trying to stop The Delhi government has also come on alert regarding this. The central government has said that coordination is being established with all 12 states to deal with lumpy virus. After all, what is lumpy virus, which has caused havoc from Punjab to other states, let us know.

What is lumpy virus?

Capri pox virus is also known as lumpy virus. It is also known as skin disease virus. This virus originates from the Poxviridae double-stranded DNA virus family. Poxviridae is also known as pox virus. This family has 83 species divided into 22 genera and two subfamilies. Smallpox is included in this family.

This disease is notifiable by the World Organization for Animal Health. These viruses infect the skin of animals. They have no serum affinity to camel pox, horse pox and avian pox. This virus is found in Asia and Africa. Moths act as vectors for this, spreading the disease from one animal to another. Humans are said not to be infected with capri pox virus.

Symptoms of lumpy virus

Usually, lumps on the skin of animals.  The sores eventually become itchy blisters, on which the virus remains for months. The virus can also be found in animal saliva, nasal secretions and milk. In addition, animals have symptoms such as swelling of the lymph glands, fever, excessive salivation. There is currently no specific treatment for the disease, but in the East African country of Kenya, vaccines designed to develop immunity to capripox are used. Because the capripox virus is a single serotype, the vaccine’s effectiveness is long-lasting. In case of disease outbreak among animals, it is advisable to keep them in isolation. Goat pox vaccine is being administered for this virus in India.

Measures of the central government

The central government says that lumpy virus should be taken. Goat pox vaccine has been made available on demand in all 12 states. Earlier, the state governments themselves were buying it, but now this vaccine is being bought by the central government. In this, the Center is spending 60 percent and the state governments are spending 40 percent.

Decreased milk production in Punjab

Progressive Dairy Farmers Association (PDFA) in Punjab has said that milk production in the state has decreased by 15 to 20 percent due to this disease. Along with this, the average milk production of cows is also likely to remain low for a year. PDFA said that this has badly affected farmers who are totally dependent on livestock for their livelihood. According to the data provided by the animal husbandry department of the state, 1.26 lakh cattle have been affected by this disease. So far more than 10,000 animals have lost their lives due to this disease. However, the PDFA claims that more than one lakh cattle have died in Punjab so far due to the chronic disease. The main districts of the state affected by this disease are Fazilka, Faridkot, Bathinda and Tarn Taran.

Lumpy virus in UP

According to a statistic, lumpy virus in UP About 200 cows have died due to this. 21 thousand cows are said to be suffering from it. More infections are seen in Moradabad, Meerut, Bareilly, Agra, Aligarh and Jhansi. Import of cattle from other states and cattle fairs have been banned. Movement of cattle from the affected districts has also been banned. Veterinary ambulances are working in the affected districts. More than 17 lakh 50 thousand vaccines have been made available in the affected districts. Covid command centers have been set up in several districts to combat the lumpy virus. 

Madhya Pradesh situation

A control room has been set up at the State Veterinary Laboratory in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. The government has issued an emergency number 0755-2767583, on which farmers can call and share their problems.


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