Mumbai: Today, September 20th, some important events took place around the world and in the country, which we need to be aware of. Galileo, who discovered that the world is heliocentric and not earth-centric, was sued for blasphemy on the same day. Also, Narayan Guru, who fought against Indian caste system, died on this day. Let’s find out what happened on this day in history.
1633- Galileo on trial for saying that the earth revolves around the sun
The world in space is centered around the sun and the earth revolves around the sun. Galileo was sued by the church in Italy, who was the first to preach. At that time, it was believed that the earth was the center of space and the sun revolved around the earth. Galileo studied it and broke this opinion and presented the heliocentric theory. In 1610, Galileo published a book called ‘The Starry Messenger’. What are the arts of Venus? Can smaller spheres orbit Jupiter? So why can’t the earth and other planets revolve around the sun? Such questions were raised in it. The church sued Galileo against it. Galileo’s theory was later proved to be true.
1831- The first steam-powered bus started in Britain
Britain’s Golden Bronze built the first steam-powered bus. 30 passengers could travel in this slow moving bus at the same time.
1856- Death of great social reformer Narayan Guru
The great social reformer Narayan Guru who fought against caste discrimination in India died on this day. , died in 1856. Narayan Guru was born in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. He had knowledge of Vedas and Upanishads. He raised his voice against caste discrimination by chanting ‘Ek Jati, Ek Dharma, Ek Ishwar’. Narayan Guru established the organization “Shri Narayan Dharma Paripalan Yogam”. The main objective of the organization was to attend to the social and economic needs of the untouchables, as well as spread education among them. Many middle and high schools were established by the organization and educational opportunities were provided to the needy and talented untouchable students.
Narayan Guru started the Vaikom Satyagraha to get the untouchables into the temple. He died on 20 September 1856. In Kerala, his death anniversary is observed as Sree Narayana Guru Samadhi Day. The revolutionaries had captured Delhi. Later, on 20 September 1857, the British once again captured Delhi and crushed the revolt.
1878- The first publication of The Hindu newspaper
The Hindu newspaper, a prominent newspaper in India, was launched on 20 Started on September 1978. Initially, this newspaper was a weekly and later converted into a daily. The Hindu has so far covered many important events in the country.
1932- Gandhi started his fast to death against the caste decisions of the British
On August 16, 1932, British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald announced separate constituencies for the Indian Dalit community. Announced the caste award with provisions. He declared this caste judgment as there was no consensus on caste representation in the Third Round Table Conference.
Due to this judgment there was a danger of separation of the seven crore Dalit community from the Hindu community.
So opposing it Mahatma Gandhi started his hunger strike in Yerawada Jail in Pune. His hunger strike was successful and on 24 September 1932 Pune agreement was signed. This agreement was signed by Gandhiji and Dr. It happened between Babasaheb Ambedkar. According to this agreement, Dalits were given 148 reserved constituencies instead of separate constituencies.
1946- First Cannes Film Festival started in France
75 years ago today, the first Cannes Film Festival was organized in France. The festival was organized in a resort town in France. In this first film festival, 21 films from all over the world were screened. Cannes Film Festival is considered as one of the prestigious film festivals in the world. This annual festival showcases select films, documentaries and short films from around the world.
1996- Marathi writer Daya Pawar dies
Daya Pawar is a leading literary figure in Marathi Dalit literature. are known as He raised his voice against the caste system and oppression of untouchables through his writings. His autobiographical book ‘Balutan’ became famous in the literary world. His book won many awards. Daya Pawar has exposed the injustice, exploitation and psychological oppression of Dalits in his literature. Daya Pawar’s poetry collection Kondwada and Chavdi collection are particularly famous.
2001 America declared war on terrorism
After the 9/11 terrorist attack, the biggest in the history of America, the whole world was shaken. gone After that, the then president of the United States, George Bush, announced on September 20, 2001 that he had declared a war against global terrorism.
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