TB second leading cause of death worldwide after Covid, killing 1.6 million globally: Report

TB second leading cause of death worldwide after Covid, killing 1.6 million globally: Report

World Tuberculosis Day: After the outbreak of Corona, lung diseases have increased due to weak immunity. According to health experts, the cases of tuberculosis have increased significantly due to Corona. At the same time, according to a report, the infectious disease TB is the second largest cause of death worldwide after Kovid. According to the report, India has the highest number of TB cases in 2021 with more than 2.5 million cases, which is almost a quarter of the world. Cases are equal. In 2021, more than 5 lakh people died of TB in India. According to the report, 17 lakh people are suffering from latent TB. Means this bacteria is present in the body but it is not necessary that it turns into a disease

What is tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis or TB disease is known as Tuberculosis. It is an infectious disease that spreads in the body due to infection with bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which mainly affects the lungs. It can also spread to other people while the patient coughs, sneezes and speaks. When a patient suffering from TB sneezes, coughs or spits, the TB bacteria spread in the air through the exhaled breath. These bacteria survive in the air for several hours and even healthy people can easily fall prey to it. When TB bacteria reaches the lungs through the breath, it multiplies and damages the lungs, although the body’s immunity prevents it from growing. But as this capacity weakens the risk of getting TB increases

Symptoms of TB disease

  • Coughing for more than 3 weeks
  • Chest pain
  • Bleeding with phlegm
  • Feeling weak
  • Weight decrease
  • sleep sweating

How Covid stopped the pace of treatment

Treatment has saved 66 million lives globally from TB disease in the last two decades, but since 2019 the Kovid pandemic has put a halt to the TB elimination programme. According to the report of the World Health Organization, an estimated 1.6 million people died due to TB globally in 2021, while a total of 17 million people were affected by TB in 2021, which shows an increase of 4.5% in 2020 figures . It states that while the number of patients diagnosed with TB was 7.1 million in 2019, post-Covid, the number has dropped to 6.4 million in 2020 and 5.8 million in 2021.

According to WHO, the Kovid epidemic has changed the diagnosis and treatment resources. Where $ 6 billion was spent in 2019, it has increased to $ 5.2 billion in 2021. Health organization this year’s theme "Yes"  We have put an end to TB. A target has been set to eliminate it by 2030. However, India is working on eliminating TB by 2025.

The only vaccine available to treat TB

Currently in the form of TB vaccine  Only BGC is licensed, which was developed in the year 1921. With the help of the BCG vaccine, there is some success in preventing severe forms of TB in newborns and young children. At the same time, work is going on for 16 TB vaccines, but there is a lack of funds to develop them.

Disclaimer: Before following the methods, methods and suggestions mentioned in this article, do consult a doctor or related expert.

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