Adv. Arun Kumar

Directed by director Vinayan, the visual wonder ‘Pathombatham Sandhalam’ is making progress in the theaters with great response from the audience. Many people have praised the movie. Now CPIM Ernakulam district committee member Adv. KS Arun Kumar has come forward.

“Watched the movie “Pathampatham Sandhalam” directed by Vinayan. As a whole, Kerala was a place where untouchability, superstition and immorality, which are not seen anywhere in the world, were flagged. Apart from the above practices, all the social evils that existed at that time such as slavery, theendapad, janmi system, misogyny, pakshapada treatment methods, ezhiyam vela and other discriminations were used by the upper classes as a means of exploiting the dalits. Vivekananda described this country as madhouse. The sacrificial struggles of social reformers and renaissance heroes behind the conversion of the insane asylum into a human asylum took place in Travancore, Kochi and Malabar in the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century.

A name that has not been recorded with sufficient clarity in our Renaissance history is that of the early hero of Aratupuzha Velayudha Panikkar. The movie “Pathampatham Santhayam” beautifully portrays the life and struggles of the Aratupuzha Velayudha Panickers born in 1825. It is not only a film but also a glimpse of the struggle history of this country. The director was able to portray well the struggles fought by Aratupuzha Velayudha Panicker by gaining strength in weaponry and Kalari tradition in a land where untouchability, cannibals and customs prevailed.

Challenging the caste rule, the Idakkad Jnaneshwari temple in Mangalam was established in 1853 and Cherthala Tanneermukkam Cheruvaranam temple in 1856 by Velayudhapanikar, 3 decades before Sree Narayana Guru Shiva Pratishtha was established at Aruvipuram. Similarly, Kathakali, an upper caste art form, made accessible to all castes is beautifully depicted in the “nineteenth century”.

In Travancore, the director has been able to portray the wretched days when hands were imposed on the body and work implements such as mulakkaram, thalakaram, enikkaram, kathikaram, valakaram, vandikaram, and mustache without losing any intensity. Velayudha Panicker and Nangeli’s acting was memorable.

Today’s generation should learn all about Achipupadava struggle and Mookutthi struggle. It is hard to believe that such customs existed in our country. The film also exposes the ancient practice of barren elderly Namboothiri karanavars impolitely having sex with young girls of Nair clans. The movie presents that the Travancore king’s rule is based on truth and justice and the Rajakingars and Diwans intervene to make it unpopular. Check if it is completely correct.
Sri Padmanabhan’s “Salagrama” was stolen, and when all the commanders and soldiers of the country tried their best to find it, but could not find it, it was handed over to the Velayudha Panickers, and the Velayudha Panickers bravely found it and handed it over to the king.

The film has significant relevance in the contemporary context where communal forces are trying to reclaim the legacy of the Renaissance achievements. The film is shot in such a way that the audience is not bored even at a single point.

Although the makers of the film have all the freedom of expression, I have some minor criticisms to mention. It is recorded that in 1803, Nangeli bled to death by cutting off her breasts with a sickle in front of the Raja Kinkaras who came to collect the udders, and then in 1810, the udder was removed by King Sri Moolam Tirunal Ramavarma. It should be checked whether it coincides with the life period of Aratupuzha Velayudha Panicker.

Velayudha Panikkar’s efforts to promote mixed diet and intermarriage are also a part of history. Velayudhapanikar married his own sister to a Nair youth to promote intermarriage. untouchable
In order to prevent the caste people from coming near, the upper caste people shouted “Hoy” and fought against those who denied the freedom to walk on the road, and as a part of that, the Panickers were sentenced to one year in jail.

It is a new knowledge that it was Kayamkulam Kochunni who stole Sri Padmanabhan’s “Salagram” (Thiruvabharanams). As a reward for the heroism of recovering the Thiruvabharanams, the Maharaja of Travancore awarded Veerasringhala and “Panikar status” to the Velayudha panikkars. All the scenes in the movie are the events that happened in our country. Anyway, a movie like this is what this era demands. Congratulations to the director, producer, actors and crew of the movie “Nineteenth Century”, Arun Kumar wrote.

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