Engineers play an important role in the development of any country. Engineers have contributed a lot in making any work easy and convenient in our life. One day a year on the date of 15th September is dedicated to Indian engineers. on this day National Engineer’s Day As it is celebrated with great fanfare. Let us know about the importance and history of this day. Along with this, we also know why Engineering Day is celebrated in India.
The Government of India had announced to celebrate National Engineer Day on 15 September 1968. To honor the achievements of the great engineer Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, India is celebrated every year on 15 September as National Engineers Day. Let us tell that on 15 September, along with India, Sri Lanka and Tanzania also celebrate Visvesvaraya's great works as Engineer's Day.
Who was M Visvesvaraya?
M Visvesvaraya was born on 15 September 1861 in a Telugu family in the village of Muddanahalli, Karnataka. Visvesvaraya's father's name was Srinivasa Shastri, who was a Sanskrit scholar and doctor of Ayurveda. Visvesvaraya completed his schooling in his hometown and later went on to study BA at Madras University. Then he switched his career and did a diploma in civil engineering at the College of Science in Pune.
Visvesvaraya immediately got a government job in the post of assistant engineer after obtaining a degree in civil engineering from the Science College of Poona in 1883. He was the 19th Diwan of Mysore and served from 1912 to 1918. He is called the father of Modern Mysore because of his works done in Mysore. He had established many factories and educational institutions in collaboration with the Government of Mysore. He made a major contribution to the construction of Krishnaraj Sagar Dam in Mandya district. Visvesvaraya was also known as Sir MV in the country.
Achievements of M Visvesvaraya
- Visvesvaraya was the founder of the block system to prevent wastage of water in dams. It was first established in the Khadakwasla reservoir in Pune.
- He designed a flood protection system for the city of Hyderabad by the Musi River.
- MV was the architect of the great Krishna Raja Sagar Dam in Mysore.
- Sir MV served as Chief Engineer of Mysore State in 1909 and as Diwan of Mysore State in 1912.
- M Visvesvaraya also commissioned several new railway lines in the state of Mysore.
- He also contributed in preparing the road construction plan between Tirumala and Tirupati.
awarded with Bharat Ratna
According to the Institution of Engineers India, apart from his contribution in the field of engineering, he was also called "Precursor of Economic Planning in India". In the year 1920, his books, "Reconstructing India" and "Planned Economy of India" were published in the year 1934. He was honored as the Dewan of Mysore in 1915 and received the Bharat Ratna in 1955. Dr Visvesvaraya died in 1962 at the age of 102. National Engineers Day is celebrated every 15 September in his memory.
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