Language is a unique means of human communication. Linguistic behavior has a prominent place in various forms and types of social behavior. Some linguistic communities are linguistic and some communities are multilingual in terms of language use in their diverse fields of practice. There are many linguistic societies that use different languages for specific use areas. The use of languages other than their own language is often used in societies which are not independent of society or country, and where the ruling class imposes their languages on them for administrative work or for certain tasks. Prior to independence, there has been a similar situation in our country, in which Indian languages were not given the opportunity to be used and developed in various fields of life and English in education, science, administration, commerce and business etc. The same continued to be used.
After independence, it was decided to use Indian languages in various mediums of education, administration and public relations, and so it was decided to make planned development of these languages. Being the language of most Indians, Hindi also got the position of the official language of the Central Government. Gradually, Hindi was also recognized on the international board.
Why is World Hindi Day celebrated?
World Hindi Day is celebrated every year on 10 January worldwide. The first World Hindi Day was celebrated in the year 2006. Its objective is to create awareness for the spread of Hindi in the world and to establish Hindi as an international language. This day is specially organized in the embassies of India abroad. Lectures in Hindi on various subjects are conducted in all government offices. In order to develop and propagate Hindi in the world, the World Hindi Conferences were started and the first World Hindi Conference was held in Nagpur on 10 January 1975, hence this day is celebrated as ‘World Hindi Day’ is.
The growing acceptance of Hindi on the international board can be understood from these points-
• The United Nations has also created a website in Hindi and has also started radio broadcasting in Hindi.
• Current issues are communicated in Hindi on weekly issues by the State Department from the US every week.
• Magazine magazine SPAN is published from the American Embassy in India.
• Hindi teaching is done in many universities of the world. Hindi chairs have also been established for this.
• Foreign companies like Amazon, Facebook, Google have also acknowledged the importance of Hindi.
• The Chinese government has also created a website in Hindi and has also started radio broadcasting in Hindi.
• Hindi is being preferred as a contact language across the globe.
• Literature of major languages of the world is being translated into Hindi and Hindi literature is also being translated into foreign languages.
• The word Namaste of India is famous all over the world.
• Hindi societies, Hindi institutions are being formed in most countries of the world.
• Hindi is also being taught in school curriculum in many countries of the world.
• Today there are many papers – magazines, websites and blogs all over the world, who are speaking Hindi and promoting Hindi well.
• The World Hindi Conference is celebrated every year in different countries of the world.
• Many countries of the world set aside a separate amount for teaching Hindi here.
• Development in the field of Unicode and Hindi computing is the hallmark of international acceptance of Hindi.
• Efforts are also going on internationally for Hindi machine translation.
• World famous publishers like Oxford, SEZ have also launched their Hindi publications.
• Hindi is being used a lot in the entertainment world all over the world. For this, techniques like subtitling, dubbing, voice over, content writing, film script writing, animation film etc. are being used in Hindi.
• Indian Hindi cinema has a worldwide identity.
• Speeches in Hindi are made on the world stage by Indian leaders and diplomats.
When we stand on the world table and see, the global stage of Hindi is becoming huge and prosperous in the last few years. India’s efforts to establish Hindi in the United Nations, organizing world Hindi conferences etc. are such tasks that the global potential of Hindi can be easily estimated. Now Hindi has taken the form of multilingual language but not unilateral. Today Russia, America, Canada, England, Italy, Belgium, France, Czechoslovakia, Roumania, China, Japan, Norway, Sweden, Poland, Australia, Mexico, Mauritius, Fiji, Guyana, Suriname, Kenya, Trinitad – Tubago, Burma, Thailand , Nepal, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, South Africa, etc., have started living in Hindi speaking countries.
A look at the then statement of the famous Hindi Savvy Father Kamil Bulke can inspire us in the present times.
He had said – “Hindi language is so rich, efficient and simple that all our work can be done in Hindi smoothly. It is a matter of regret that Hindi speakers do not have self-respect for the language, otherwise Hindi would have become prevalent at the national level long ago. It is natural to have some difficulties when you suddenly start working in Hindi. These can be resolved respectively. When I came to India from Belgium, there was a lot of disregard for my language among the Indian public. Seeing this, I resolved to read Hindi. I decided to serve Hindi. Sanskrit mother is in India, Hindi Grahini and English maid. How can a self-respecting Indian forget this fact? “
(The author is a translator in the Indian Parliament and is knowledgeable in Hindi and translation.)