Savitribai Phule Death Anniversary: Today is the death anniversary of India’s first female teacher, social reformer, poetess Krantijyoti Savitribai Phule who raised her voice against social evils. Today the country is remembering him and paying tribute. He died on March 10 in 1897. Savitribai Phule always fought for women’s rights in her life. She is the symbol of women empowerment and pioneer of women’s liberation movement. He tried to bring awareness towards girl child education in every section of the society. Also widowed women were encouraged to remarry. Savitribai Phule was born on 3 January 1831 in Nayagaon, a small village in the Satara district of Maharashtra. She was born in a Dalit family. Savitri Bai Phule is credited with being the first teacher of India. He achieved this feat when it was a distant thing for women to get education, it was also difficult for them to leave the house.
Learn here some special things about Savitribai Phule
Before the country became independent, there was a lot of discrimination against women in the Indian society. The condition of Dalits in the society was not good. Had the woman been a Dalit, this discrimination would have been even greater. When Savitri Bai used to go to school, people used to throw stones at her. But he did not lose courage and achieved education by fighting hard. Savitribai Phule’s life was devoted to women empowerment. He fiercely raised his voice against social evils.
When she was only 9 years old, she was married to 13 year old Jyotirao Phule. At the time when Savitribai Phule was married, she was illiterate. Seeing her dedication in studies, Jyotirao Phule was impressed and he made up his mind to teach Savitribai further. Jyotirao Phule was also a student of class three during the marriage, but regardless of all the social evils, he helped Savitribai in her studies. Savitribai took teacher’s training in Ahmednagar and Pune and became a teacher.
Together with her husband, Savitribai Phule opened a girls’ school in Pune in 1848. It is considered to be the first school for girls in the country.
The Phule couple opened a total of 18 schools in the country. The British East India Company also honored his contribution.
Savitribai Phule was the headmistress of this school. This school was open to girls of all castes. This was the first opportunity for Dalit girls to go to school.
Savitribai Phule had to face tremendous opposition from the women of Pune for her initiative to educate girls. When she used to go to school, the women of Pune used to throw cow dung, garbage and stones at her because they felt that Savitribai was doing anti-religious work by teaching girls. She used to carry a pair of clothes with her and on reaching school, used to change the clothes soiled with cow dung and mud.
Savitribai opened the well of her house for Dalits as well. It was a big deal in those days.
Ashram opened for widows
Savitribai opened an ashram for widows. Apart from widows, she started giving shelter to destitute women, child widow girls and women abandoned by the family. Savitribai also taught every woman and girl living in the ashram.
– After the death of her husband Jyotiba Phule, who by then had come to be called Mahatma Phule, Savitriphule took over the work of her organization Satyashodhak Samaj and continued to work for social consciousness.
His poetry collections were published while struggling with caste and patriarchy. He has a total of four books. Savitribai is considered the forerunner of modern Marathi poetry.
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