Mahaparinirvan Diwas 2023: Why do we celebrate Mahaparinirvan Diwas on the death anniversary of Babasaheb Ambedkar?

Mahaparinirvan Diwas 2023: Why do we celebrate Mahaparinirvan Diwas on the death anniversary of Babasaheb Ambedkar?

Mahaparinirvan Diwas 2023: Today, December 6, is the death anniversary of Babasaheb Ambedkar, the author of the Constitution and the messiah of Dalits. He died on 06 December 1956. The death anniversary of Dr. BR Ambedkar is celebrated as Mahaparinirvan Diwas across the country. Dr. Ambedkar left Hinduism and adopted Buddhism in the year 1956. He became very unhappy with many of the practices of Hinduism. Parinirvana is one of the major principles and goals of Buddhism. It means 'Nirvana after death'. According to Buddhism, the person who attains Nirvana becomes free from worldly desires and illusions. It is very difficult to achieve the state of Nirvana. For this one has to live a very virtuous and religious life. The death of Lord Buddha at the age of 80 has been called the real Mahaparinirvana.

Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was a great social reformer and scholar. He dedicated his entire life to eliminate casteism and upliftment of the poor, Dalits and backward classes. His followers believe that his Guru was very virtuous like Lord Buddha. Dr. Ambedkar has attained Nirvana because of his great work and virtuous life. This is the reason why his death anniversary is celebrated as Mahaparinirvan Day or Mahaparinirvan Day.

On Ambedkar's death anniversary Mahaparinirvan Diwas, Ambedkar's followers and other Indian leaders visit Dadar Chaitya Bhoomi in Mumbai and pay homage to the creator of the Indian Constitution. People offer flowers and garlands to his statue. They pay tribute to him by lighting lamps and candles. Programs are organized in his memory at many places. His thoughts are remembered.

One of the most educated people of his time

BR Ambedkar was one of the most educated great scholars of his time. He had degrees in 32 different subjects. After completing BA from Elphinstone College, Mumbai, he went to Columbia University, USA to pursue MA. Also did PhD from there. After this he did MSc, DSC from London School of Economics. Graduated as Barrister-at-Law. He was the only Dalit student in Elphinstone College.

great passion for reading books

Dr. Ambedkar was fond of reading a lot of books. He had a huge and excellent collection of books. John Gunther has written in Inside Asia that in 1938 Ambedkar had 8000 books. At the time of his death he had reached 35,000.

Father had 14 children but only Ambedkar got a chance to study in school.

Ambedkar's ancestors were soldiers in the British East India Company. Father was a Subedar in the British Indian Army. Because of this also Ambedkar got a chance to study in school. At that time, it was not possible for a child of a Dalit and untouchable caste to go to school and study. Ambedkar did not have as many rights as other children in school. They were made to sit separately. He couldn't even drink water himself. Higher caste children used to pour water on his hands from height.

what was your real name

Ambedkar's real name was Ambawadekar. His father had also registered the same name in the school. But one of his teachers changed his name and gave him his surname 'Ambedkar'. In this way his name was recorded as Ambedkar in the school records.

Due to child marriage being prevalent, Ambedkar married 9 year old girl Ramabai in 1906. At that time Ambedkar was only 15 years old.

It was possible for Dr. Ambedkar to study in America due to the monthly scholarship he received from the Gaekwad ruler of Baroda, Sahyaji Rao III.

Babasaheb Ambedkar's legal expertise proved to be very helpful in the drafting of the Indian Constitution. He is called the creator of the Constitution and the father of the Constitution. He had studied the constitutions of many countries before making the constitution. On the basis of his ability, he reached the post of the first Law Minister of India.

Ambedkar started publishing fortnightly and weekly newspapers named 'Bahishkrit Bharat', 'Mook Nayak', 'Janta' to raise voice against the atrocities on Dalits. From 1927 he intensified his movement against untouchability and casteism. He also started Satyagraha in Mahad of Raigarh in Maharashtra. He along with some people burnt the then existing copy of 'Manusmriti'. In 1930 he started the Kalaram Temple Movement.

Ambedkar formed the Labor Party in 1936 amid the freedom struggle. Ambedkar contested the country's first general election from Bombay North seat in 1952 but lost. He was a two-time MP from Rajya Sabha.

Resignation on Hindu Code Bill

In 1951, he presented the 'Hindu Code Bill' in the Parliament. Dr. Ambedkar believed that true democracy would come when women would get an equal share in ancestral property and would be given equal rights as men. Ambedkar resigned from the Cabinet after his Hindu Code Bill draft was blocked in Parliament.

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