Constitution Day 2021: Even though the Constitution of India came into force on 26 January 1950, but the Constituent Assembly of the country accepted it only on 26 November 1949. The 389-member Constituent Assembly also included 15 learned women. He made a significant contribution to the drafting of the Indian Constitution. Let us know about these women on the occasion of Constitution Day 2021 on Friday-
Born on 22 April 1894 in Palghat, Kerala, Ammu Swaminathan became a member of the Constituent Assembly in 1946.
In 1917, together with Annie Besant, Margaret Cousins and Malathi Patwardhan, formed the ‘Women’s India Association’
– Elected to Lok Sabha in 1952 and Rajya Sabha in 1954, chaired the Censor Board and Bharat Scouts
Born on 04 July 1912 in Kochi, Velayudhan was the only woman member of the Constituent Assembly belonging to the Scheduled Castes.
– Was elected a member of the Kochi Legislative Council in 1945, was known for raising the voice of the people of the Scheduled Castes
3.Begum Ejaz Rasool
Born on 02 April 1909 in a royal family of Malerkotla, was the only Muslim woman included in the Constituent Assembly
Joined the Muslim League after the implementation of the Government of India Act 1935, was elected in the UP Legislative Assembly in 1937
She was a member of the UP Legislative Assembly from 1969 to 1990, was awarded Padma Bhushan in 2000 for her contribution to social service.
Constitution Day 2021: Know why Constitution Day is celebrated on 26 November, why this day is very special
Born on July 15, 1909 in Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, Durgabai Deshmukh took part in the non-cooperation movement at the age of 12.
– Joined the Salt Satyagraha in Madras in 1930, formed the ‘Andhra Mahila Sabha’ in 1936 for the education and development of women
She was the chairperson of the Central Social Welfare Board and the National Committee on Women’s Education, was awarded the Padma Vibhushan in 1975 for promoting education
5.Hansa Jivraj Mehta
Born on July 03, 1897 in Baroda, Hansa Mehta returned to India after studying sociology and journalism from England.
Wrote many famous books for children in Gujarati language, translated many children’s stories including ‘Gulliver’s Travels’
In 1945 she became the President of the All India Women’s Conference, also headed the All India Board of Secondary Education and the Inter-University Board of India
Born on 22 February 1908 in a prestigious family of Lucknow, struggled hard to continue her studies
– Joined Mahatma Gandhi’s Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930, was the Vice President of All India Congress Committee
Also earned a name in the world of literature, in addition to the emergence of modern India, she was known for writing on the conscience of women
7. Leela Roy
Born on 02 October 1900 in Goalpara, Assam, Roy raised his voice for giving women rights including voting rights.
In 1923, by establishing Deepali Sangh and schools, got discussion across the country, in 1938 joined the women’s sub-committee formed by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
Born in East Bengal (now Bangladesh) in -1904, Malti Choudhary is counted among the big advocates of girl and women’s education.
– Married to Navakrishna Choudhary (who later became the Chief Minister of Odisha) in 1927, actively participated in the Salt Satyagraha
She was also known for raising the voice of the rights of the backward classes, strongly opposed the Emergency imposed in India in 1975.
9. Poornima Banerjee
Inspired by socialist ideology, Purnima Banerjee was known for raising issues related to farmers, laborers and villagers.
The British government sent him to jail for being associated with Mahatma Gandhi’s Satyagraha and Quit India Movement.
10.Princess Amrit Kaur
Born on February 02, 1889 in Lucknow, Amrit Kaur was the first health minister of India, occupied this position for ten years.
Established All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Indian TB Association and Leprosy Training and Research Institute
Renuka, daughter of ICS officer Santish Chandra and social activist Charulata Mukherjee, did her BA from London School of Economics.
In West Bengal, All Bengal Mahila Sangh and Mahila Coordinating Council were formed, raised voice for Uniform Civil Code
Born on 13 February 1879 in Hyderabad, Sarojini Naidu was the first woman to hold the post of Governor of an Indian state.
Higher education from King’s College London and Girton College Cambridge, influenced by Bapu after meeting him in England in 1914
-Dedicated life for India’s independence, went to jail for taking active part in many movements including non-cooperation movement
Born in Ambala in -1908, Sucheta Kriplani is remembered for her leading role in the Quit India Movement.
Formed the women’s unit of Congress, the achievement of becoming the first woman chief minister of an Indian state is registered in her name.
Born on 18 August 1900 in Allahabad, Vijayalakshmi Pandit was the sister of the country’s first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
She was the first Indian woman to hold the post of cabinet minister, created history by becoming the President of the United Nations General Assembly in 1953.
Born in a Latin Catholic family of Thiruvananthapuram, Annie participated prominently in the ongoing freedom struggle in the state of Travancore.
Between 1939 and 1947, she was sent to jail several times due to political activities, was the first woman to be elected MP from Kerala
Source : Agencies