Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav: A man’s heart burned after seeing the atrocities and injustices being done to the tribals during the British rule. He fought with the British rulers and slept in their hearts. He announced the Rampa Rebellion, the biggest tribal struggle against the British rulers. He picked up the bow and arrows.. became a revolutionary and shook the roots of the British. He is the patron god of the tribes.. Manyam hero Alluri Sitarama King Many British administrative institutions and police stations were burnt down during the Rampa Mutiny. A brave man who attacked the British police stations, looted their weapons and rebelled against them. The film director incorporated this alluring Sitarama Raju’s uniqueness through a cameo role in the recently released film RRR. Ramcharan appeared as Alluri Sitaramaraj. The story of this movie is fictional but the character .. his name is inspired from the real Sitaram Raju. As part of the 75 years of Independence Day celebrations, let’s learn about Manyam Veeru Alluri Sitaramaraj..
Asceticism at 18 years:
Sitaramaraj is the native village of Mogallu in West Godavari district. But Alluri Sitarama Raju was born on 4th July 1897 in Pandrangi village near Vizianagaram in the house of his grandfather Mandalapati Sri Rama Raju (now Andhra Pradesh, Madras Presidency during the British Raj). His father’s name is Venkata Ramaraju and mother’s name is Suryanarayanamma. His father died when he was young and he was brought up by his uncle Ramakrishnam Raju in Narsapur, Godavari district. After completing high school, Alluri moved to Visakhapatnam with her sister and brother. But Sitaramaraj left suddenly in the fourth year of graduation and took sanyasa.
A voice against tribal oppression
After becoming a monk, Alluri Sitaramaraj witnessed the atrocities being committed on the forest tribes in the surrounding areas of Visakhapatnam and Godavari districts. In fact.. during the British rule.. the Madras Forest Act was passed in 1882. In this law, tribals should not do traditional paddy farming, contractors should employ these tribals as labourers, collect rent from those who refuse, and punish those who do not pay rent. Alluri saw these atrocities and atrocities on the tribals. Rebellion was raised against the British rulers.
Alluri Sitarama started the method of protest in 1920. In order to end the hardships of the people of Manyam, they decided to stand by the tribals and fight against the exploitation of the white elites. He explained the rights of the tribals over the forest wealth.. and boosted their courage. Made to resist injustices. Parallel to the British rulers, Alluri Sitaramaraj used to run the court for the settlement of disputes. Many people from surrounding villages used to come to resolve disputes. Alluri became the leader of the people of 30, 40 surrounding villages
Rampa declared rebellion
In 1922, Alluri took up arms and announced the Rampa Rebellion. He organized the tribals of Godavari districts and surrounding areas and attacked many police posts. British Raj attacked police stations and killed many British officers. Until then, the tribals used to fight the British with bows and arrows.. But during this Rampa rebellion, ammunition and guns were looted from the police stations and with their help, they started fighting against the British along with the tribals. Adivasis and other villagers gave him full support.
‘Manyam is the title of hero
Alluri Sitarama adopted guerilla warfare tactics during the Rampa Rebellion. At that time the tribes gave him the title of Manyam Veeruda. He fought against the British for two consecutive years. The British made several attempts to suppress the Rampa Rebellion but were unsuccessful. Due to the support of the tribals, he escaped from the British and fought fiercely against them.
Heroic death at the age of 27:
King Sitarama of Alluri fought the British with bow and arrow against the British rulers. In the year 1924 Major Goodall under the leadership of Rudhar Fard captured Sitarama Raju in the forests of Chintapalle. Tied to a tree in Koruyuru village. He shot and killed the king. On May 8, Raju’s body was photographed and later cremated. Historians believe that this revolutionary hero sacrificed his life for the country at the age of 27.
Alluri Sitharamaraju Jayanti Alluri Sitharamaraju Jayanti is celebrated in Andhra Pradesh on 4th July every year. His memorial is in Krishnadevipet village in Andhra Pradesh. In 1986, the Government of India issued a postage stamp honoring him for his bravery in the freedom struggle. On 9 October 2017, a statue of Sitaramaraj was also installed in the Parliament premises.
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