- Awareness in urban areas is higher than in rural areas which has led to increase in condom use.
- In rural areas, the responsibility of family planning still falls on the shoulders of women and men away from condoms
- The percentage which was 4.8 per cent in 2015-16 has gone up to 11.4 per cent in 2020.
In urban population, condom use was 16.8% while in rural areas it was less than half, or 7.5%. Both urban and overall figures were significantly higher than the national average of 13.6% and 9.5%, respectively. For rural areas it was a national average of 7.6%, indicating an increase in awareness and consumption among the urban population. However, female sterilization was the most widely used method of family planning with 35.9%, with rural areas accounting for 40.8% compared to 29.1% in urban areas. These results were even closer to the national average.
The then former president of the Federation of Obstetric and Gynecological Society of India (FOGSI) and Ahmedabad-based gynecologist Dr. Alpesh Gandhi said the results are encouraging.
“Traditionally women have borne the brunt of family planning – and surveys show that women either undergo vasectomy or go through the procedure of inserting an intrauterine device (IUD) like a copper tea. The main reason for this is their male partners’ reluctance to use condoms. Is. ” He said. “But our clinical experience shows that women undergoing institutional delivery are often more aware of family planning methods. Gujarat has an institutional delivery rate of over 90% which is very high. Thus, awareness may have played a role in increasing condom use. ”
Previous surveys have shown that condom sales increase by less than 2% annually and are not the most popular contraceptive overall. Another survey showed that only 7% of women and 27% of men had ever used a condom in premarital sex and relied on other methods for ‘safe sex’.
Pallavi Patel, director of the city-based NGO CHETNA, which works closely with women on reproductive health and other issues, said it was time to talk more about contraception. “Our field experience shows that condoms are still not popular in rural areas where men refuse to use them. But the survey found that it may be related to a larger youth population that is more aware of the use of contraceptives for both sexual health and family planning, “he said.