Direct effect of abnormal monsoon this time in the country Kharif crops going to affect the production. Because due to deficient monsoon, the area under sowing of the crop has reduced considerably. Apart from this, due to the uneven distribution of monsoon, many states are receiving more rains, due to which crops have suffered a lot in those states as well. According to the data of the Agriculture Department, the farmers of the country are still lagging far behind the target of sowing paddy and this is going to have a direct impact on the production of paddy.
Talking about major food crops, so far the area under sowing of other crops has been average. But the area under paddy cultivation, the most important Kharif crop in the country, has declined by 12.4 percent. According to the report of Hindustan Times, after achieving record production for six consecutive years, this year the production of paddy is going to decrease. The reduction in acreage of rice amid rising prices of cereals may push the prices further as production will also be less.
Food crisis demands more harvest
According to the data released by the Ministry of Agriculture, this year the area under sowing of Kharif crops in the country is behind by 3.7 percent as compared to last year. Kharif crops were cultivated in 100.1 million hectares last year, while this year the area has come down to 96.3 hectares. It is necessary to achieve better crop production in the country this year because the food crisis is going on in the world right now. In such a situation, the income of the farmers in the rural area increases due to good yields, the spending capacity in the rural area increases, this strengthens the economy.
Reduction in the area of pulse crops
On the other hand, if we talk about crops other than paddy, there has been a decline of four percent in the area under pulses. However, the area under oilseeds has decreased slightly as compared to last year. The country imports two-thirds of its edible oil requirement, while 16 per cent of the domestic demand for pulses is met through imports. Heavy rains in Karnataka, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh have affected the sowing of tur, a major pulse variety, with a total area of 4.2 million hectares.
Agriculture is dependent on rain
The highest production of crops in the country occurs in the Kharif season, which lasts from June to September. Most of the farming during this season depends on rain water. But this time the situation is a bit different. In the months of June and July this year most of the crop producing states received very less rainfall. Due to this the sowing of paddy was slow. Talking about the shortage of rainfall, the eastern states have seen a rainfall deficit of up to 16 per cent, while the southern states have seen 37 per cent more fall.
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