October is the best month for papaya cultivation, if the plant is protected from early diseases, profit is certain.

Papaya cultivation is a profitable deal for the farmers. Actually papaya is a cash crop, which provides financial strength to the farmers. In such a situation, in the last few decades, the trend of farmers has increased towards papaya cultivation. so there the farmer papaya cultivation Also want to know in detail about . In this regard, senior fruit scientist Dr. SK Singh has given detailed information about papaya cultivation through TV9. He told that October is the most favorable time for papaya cultivation. For example, farmers can plant papaya plant in the field at this time. But, along with this, farmers also have to take care of the papaya plant. If the papaya plant is not protected from diseases in the beginning, then the plant may get spoiled. Due to which farmers may suffer.

If the papaya plant is not protected from disease, it starts drying up.

Senior Fruit Scientist Dr. SK Singh For the farmers cultivating papaya, the disease of rot in the root of the plant is more troublesome for the farmers. Along with this, it becomes very difficult to prevent diseases like papaya ring spot. Farmers should take steps on it in time, only then can earning from its commercial cultivation. Otherwise, after a few days of planting the plant will dry up.

Virus is less in papaya plant planted this month

According to senior fruit scientist Dr SK Singh, farmers can plant papaya in their fields in this month. Virus diseases are less in papaya planted in this month. If papaya ring spot disease is caught in papaya before flowering, then it does not bear fruit. This disease can be controlled. He told that it is necessary that this disease should be stopped for as long as possible.

Prevention of papaya ring spot virus is important

According to senior fruit scientist Dr. SK Singh, it is very difficult to do successful cultivation of papaya without preventing rot and papaya ring spot viral disease in the root of papaya plant in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Jharkhand. The main reason for which is the various diseases involved in it. He told that papaya is grown in a total area of ​​1.90 thousand hectares in Bihar, due to which a total production of 42.72 thousand tonnes is obtained. The productivity of Bihar is 22.45 t/ha.
Nationally, papaya is grown in an area of ​​138 thousand hectares, giving a total production of 5989 thousand tons. The national productivity of papaya is 43.30 tons / hectare. The productivity of papaya in Bihar is much less than the national productivity.

Save papaya plant from diseases like this

All India Fruit Project (ICAR-AICRP on Fruits) and Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa (RPCAU Pusa) have developed a technique to protect papaya plant from disease. According to him the following measures should be taken to manage various viral diseases in standing papaya crop.

According to senior fruit scientist Dr. SK Singh, to protect papaya from papaya ring spot virus disease, it is necessary that 2% neem oil mixed with 0.5 ml per liter sticker should be sprayed at an interval of one month till the eighth month. To produce anti-disease properties in high quality fruit and papaya plants, it is necessary to dissolve urea @ 04 g, zinc sulphate 04 g and soluble boron at 4 g per liter of water and spray it at an interval of one month from the first month to the eighth month. Must be sprayed.

Spray at this time

According to senior fruit scientist Dr SK Singh, these chemicals should be sprayed at different times. By mixing zinc sulphate and boron together, the solution solidifies. This makes spraying difficult.
He said that for the management of root rot, the deadliest disease of papaya in Bihar, it is necessary to dissolve Hexaconazole @ 2 ml per liter of water and soak the soil thoroughly at an interval of one month. He further said that from the first month to the eighth month, this work should be done by soaking the soil with the above solution. Initially, very little drug solution is required per tree to get wet. But, as the plant grows, the amount of solution also increases. By reaching the seventh to the eighth month, 5-6 liters of drug solution is required to soak a large plant.

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