Due to less rain this time in Jharkhand drought-like conditions are gone. Earlier in the year 2018, such situations had arisen but this time the situation is more frightening than last time. In view of these conditions, agricultural scientists have advised the farmers to be prepared for climate change and considering the current weather conditions, pay attention to different farming options. Because where there is a drought-like situation due to lack of rain on one side, there is a situation of flood on the other side.
For the last few years, it is seen that the monsoon remains weak in the months of June and July. Therefore, farmers will have to pay attention to the cultivation of short duration crop. Dr S Karmakar, Director of Seeds and Farms, Birsa Agricultural University, says that the sowing usually ends in the month of July. But according to the situation that has arisen this time, even after August 15, farmers will not be able to complete their sowing in the state. After this the farmers will have to make another plan.
Reduction in rain in the month of June and July
This is the fourth time in the last 10 years that the state has witnessed a weak monsoon in the months of June and July, followed by intensified rains in the months of August-September, a trend observed in the last few years. After this the rain becomes normal but it affects the cultivation of paddy. According to the rains that are happening at the moment, if there is enough water in the field for the next few days, then sowing of paddy can be done. However, if farmers now cultivate long-term crops, then there will be a delay in cultivating the next crop.
Farmers can focus on cultivation of alternative crops
Agricultural scientist told that at present farmers can go for urad, makai, surguja and kulthi and later for tauria oilseeds also. Also, even if these cannot be sown, farmers can cultivate fodder crops to avoid leaving fields empty and still ensure quality fodder for their cattle. In Jharkhand, the rain deficit has come down from 50 per cent to 40 per cent in the last fortnight. However, 10 out of 24 districts are still short of more than 50 per cent.
decrease in average rainfall
Climate scientist Abhishek Anand, officer-in-charge of the India Meteorological Department (IMD) in Ranchi, has also recommended that farmers of the state should prepare themselves for uncertain climatic conditions and cultivate fast growing crops with less water. He said that it is getting to see more in the last few years. The average rainfall has come down from 1,054.7 mm in 2010 to 1,032.6 mm in 2020.
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