Know interesting things about this cashcorp, farmers earn in lakhs by doing farming

In Hardoi district of Uttar Pradesh, the Horticulture Department is being made aware to the farmers about the best earning crops. Many farmers are also getting benefited from this. Hardoi District Horticulture Officer Suresh Kumar said that farmers are being made aware about one such crop Ashwagandha by putting a chaupal. From time to time such chaupals have been organized for the farmers by the Department of Agriculture and Horticulture. He told that the botanical name of Ashwagandha is Withania somnifera. It is also a medicinal and cash crop. Ashwagandha is being cultivated on a large scale in Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan. He told that farmers are now cultivating Ashwagandha in Uttar Pradesh too.

Ashwagandha is a multi-year plant, which is about 150 cm tall. Its root is like a long radish. A large number of seeds are found in the fruit. It is cultivated in June-July with the onset of rains. It can also be grown in saline water. The special thing is that it can be cultivated even on less fertile and irrigated land. Most of the farmers of Uttar Pradesh are growing Ashwagandha of Posita and Vhitata species.

Cultivate Ashwagandha in this way

Giving information about the preparation for the cultivation of this cashcorp, District Horticulture Inspector Hariom said that the soil is made friable while plowing the field about three times before the rainy season. Keeping in view the moisture in the field, the crop is sown by spraying method. Most of the farmers do the sowing of Ashwagandha in June-July. After the crop is frozen, the plant between the plants is removed and left at a distance of 5 to 10 cm. About 15 kg of nitrogen is used per hectare, because Ashwagandha is a root crop, so the field is kept under weed control. The crop also needs irrigation from time to time. With the right manure and water, the crop is completely ready in about 5 months.

After the crop is ready, the whole plant is uprooted along with the root. After washing the roots with water, they are cut from the plants and kept in the sun to dry. About 8 quintals of root are obtained in one hectare, which remains up to 5 quintals on drying. At the same time, about 60 kg of seed is obtained from the tree. At present, Ashwagandha is being sold in the market at the rate of 40 thousand rupees per quintal. This is medicinal farming giving the best market price to the farmers. There is a huge demand for it in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, Delhi, Punjab and Madhya Pradesh.

Net profit is Rs 1 lakh

About 13 chemical compounds are found in Ashwagandha, the amount of which is about 51 percent. They are very beneficial for the human body in the form of acids, which are used in large numbers in Ayurveda. Withaferin present in the roots of Ashwagandha is tumor resistant. Unani and Ayurvedic medicines are made from its dried roots. It is used in rheumatism, lung disease and inflammation of the lungs etc. The cost of one hectare farm is about 10 thousand. At the same time, farmers get a net profit of up to 1 lakh from the crop produced at a time, so the cultivation of Ashwagandha is considered to be an earning of lakhs for the farmers.

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