Due to climate change, there is uncertainty in rainfall and conditions of more rain. Meanwhile, the governments of different states of the country are emphasizing on crop diversification to deal with climate change and to maintain the fertilizer potential of the land. Under which many state governments are paying more attention to maize cultivation. meanwhile maize farming A big news has come out for the farmers. In fact, the Indian Institute of Maize Research (ICAR-IIMR), Ludhiana, of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, has released the first low phytic acid maize hybrid variety. Whose name is PMH1-LP. This hybrid variety is considered very beneficial for the farmers doing commercial cultivation of maize.
Improved version of PMH1 variety of maize
At present farmers across the country have PMH 1 variety of maize. Which farmers use to sow maize. In fact, in the year 2007, the Punjab Agricultural University developed the PMH1 variety. Whose improved version PMH 1-LP is being considered. It is a hybrid variety, which has been released by IIMR Ludhiana. According to an IIMR statement PMH1-LP has been released for commercial cultivation in the North-Western Plains Zone (NWPZ), which is the first low phytate maize hybrid in the country.
It is beneficial for the farmers of these states
The PMH 1-LP variety of maize released by IIMR Ludhiana is considered beneficial for commercial cultivation. It is considered very beneficial for the farmers of Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand plains as well as western UP and Delhi. According to the information, PMH1-LP contains 36% less phytic acid than its original version, PMH1, which has 140% more availability of inorganic phosphate.
Production of 95 quintals in one hectare
According to the information, the yield potential of PMH1-LP variety is more than 95 quintals per hectare. The variety has moderate resistance to major diseases like maydis leaf blight, tursicum leaf blight, charcoal rot as well as pests like maize stem borer and fall armyworm. Hybrids are expected to play an important role in the poultry sector.
IIMR said that maize is used extensively in the fodder industry. Poultry sector is highly dependent on maize grains for energy source. Phytic acid is one of the major anti-nutritional factors in maize grains that affect the bioavailability of various minerals such as iron and zinc. It causes environmental pollution due to eutrophication of water bodies due to presence of high phosphorus in poultry litter.
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