Farmers should not burn paddy straw in the field, management as well as other options are very beneficial

Kharif season is at its peak. Under which these days the process of sowing and transplanting paddy, the main crop of Kharif season, has been completed. At the same time, early varieties of paddy plants are also flourishing in the fields these days. In many states, the process of procurement of paddy is going to start from October. For example, now the harvesting of paddy will also start in the fields on behalf of the farmers. In which the grain of paddy will be used by the farmers. But the lower part of the paddy crop in the form of stubble will remain a challenge for the farmers. To avoid this, farmers have been burning the stubble. But, at present paddy straw Instead of burning it, other options including its management can prove to be very beneficial for the farmers. Let us know how farmers can take advantage of stubble and what are the other options for its use.

First let’s know this fact related to stubble

According to statistics, more than 500 million tonnes of straw is produced every year from across the country. Out of this, more than 320 million tonnes of stubble is used by farmers as fodder for livestock. So there, about 180 million tonnes of stubble are burnt in the field itself. Most of the stubble in the country is burnt in Punjab and Haryana.

Stubble smoke has become the cause of serious pollution

In the research done in the last few years, stubble smoke has emerged as an important cause of pollution. In fact, in Punjab and Haryana, after harvesting the crop in October, it is burnt by the farmers for the disposal of stubble. Due to this pollution increases in Delhi NCR. According to research, the share of stubble in pollution has been recorded to be more than 40 percent.

Fertilizer capacity can be increased by stubble management in the field.

While burning of stubble increases the level of pollution, on the other hand, burning of stubble also affects the fertile capacity of the fields. According to research done in the past years, burning of stubble reduces nitrogen, sulfur and other nutrients from the ground. So because of this, friendly insects which are considered better for the crop are also destroyed. Due to this various types of new diseases are arising in the crops.

In such a situation, if farmers do stubble management on agricultural machines, then it can be very helpful in increasing the fertilizer capacity of the fields. In fact, farmers can sow wheat directly in the stubble field by using Happy Seeder. In such a situation, the stubble of the field acts as a fertilizer for the farmers. So there the expenses of the farmers are also saved.

Farmers can earn better profits by selling stubble

Most of the farmers of the country use stubble as animal feed. But even after this a large amount of stubble remains. Farmers can earn better profits by selling this stubble. In fact, many commercial uses of stubble have started. Under which stubble is being used in brick kilns and power generating plants. Farmers can earn 1000 to 1500 rupees per tonne by selling stubble here.

At the same time, stubble is also being used in making biogas. Along with this, organic manure can also be made from stubble. At the same time, straw is being used for mushroom cultivation in large numbers these days; At the same time, stubble is used in the packaging, sanitary industry, in making paper and cardboard. Which can give better benefits to the farmers.

At the same time, farmers can use stubble as rams in the vegetable field. Plants get natural fertilizer through mulching or mulching on the bunds and weeds do not grow on the covered area.

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