Nowadays, about 60 percent of the area is owned by the Cavendish Group. banana cultivation is happening. The main reason for this is its resistance to Panama Wilt disease and it is much more in production than other group bananas. Inflorescence emerges from its central part. Banana is grown in India under different conditions and production method, so a large number of banana species are catering to different needs and conditions. According to the area, about 20 species are being grown for commercial purpose.
According to Dr SK Singh, Dwarf Cavendish is also popular in India by other names such as Basrai, Jahaji, Kabuli, Pacha Vajhai, Marisas, Maurice Kuzhi Vajhai Sindhurni and Singaporean. It is an important commercial banana variety of India. Its plant is quite small, only 1.5-1.8 m high. Fruits are elongated, bent, bark is light yellow or green, flesh is soft and sweet. The fruit pit weighs around 20-25 kg, with 120-130 fruits in general. The crop cycle is generally of 10-12 months.
Agriculture is done in 60 percent of the area
It is the most important of the commercial varieties of banana, accounting for 58 percent of the total banana production. It is a variety giving more profit per unit area by drip irrigation and state-of-the-art production technology. Sometimes 40-45 kg horse is obtained from this variety. This species is resistant to Panama wilt but susceptible to cluster head disease.
what to do
In winter (winter) the rhizome gets stuck in the top part of the plant and is deformed when it comes out. Due to this blockage, the development of pods/spores is not possible in the normal way. This deformity occurs due to disturbance in somatic order and to avoid this, it is not recommended to plant this variety in August or later. This species gives very good effect towards drip fertilizer-irrigation method and intensive planting. There is a huge increase in yield. The yield is attained up to about 50-60 t/ha. Due to which this species is popular among small and medium farmers. From this other species have also been selected e.g., Madhukar. 55-60 kg of gruel has been obtained from this variety.
This species is equally popular in all those traditional and non-traditional areas of banana growing commercially in India. Traditionally this species is grown in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and North-Eastern regions. The species is less prone to wind.
Grand Nain (AAA)
This species came to India in the year 1990. As soon as this species came, this species started making its place in place of Basrai and Robusta species. Similar to Cavendish. It is very popular among banana growers of Maharashtra and Karnataka. It has almost all the qualities of Dwark Cavendish, rather than the strength. The height of plants of this species is 2.2-2.7 meters and becomes ready in 12 months. The furrows are straight, larger than in other species, with enough space between the two hairs. The streaks formed on the top of the shims are obvious. Best varieties for marketing. The weight of the ghar is 25-30 kg. All its fruits are almost the same. This is the best species for export to Asia, South America and Africa. It is a species selected from the Giant Cavendish group.
Its other names are Giant Cavendish, Pocho, Valeri Bombay Green, Peddapacha Aarti, Harichal and Borjahaji etc. This variety has arrived in our country from the West Islands. Its fruit is similar to Bombay Hara species, but the bark remains relatively green when ripe. It is taller than Basrai and shorter than Grandnene. Its plant is 1.8-2.5 meters high. The weight of a bunch of fruits is 25-30 kg and there are 17-18 buds in one hand. The shape of the fruit is good and slightly bent. Its crop cycle is about one year. This species is susceptible to Sigatoka disease in wet areas while Panama is resistant to wilt. Rhizome rot is another major problem. It contains total solid sugar (TSS) 24-25 percent, brix and acidity 0.23 percent.
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