Indian Wheat and Barley Research Institute (IIWBR), Karnal has established many high yielding varieties of wheat for many states of the country. Varieties have been developed. The special thing is that the varieties developed by the Indian Wheat and Barley Research Institute are disease resistant. Due to this, the yield of wheat has decreased in many states including Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab. Along with this, due to being disease resistant, wastage due to seasonal diseases of crops is also reducing.
Actually, wheat is such a crop, which is cultivated almost all over India. But for this only winter season is considered suitable. Also wheat can be cultivated in all types of soils. On the other hand, friable soil is considered good for sowing durum wheat. About 1.0-1.2 million tonnes of durum wheat is also produced in Madhya Pradesh. If you are planning to sow wheat now, then this news is good for you. Here we will give you information about some of the best varieties of wheat developed by IIWBR.
ISome of the best varieties of wheat developed by IWBR
DDW 47 (durum variety): There is such a variety of wheat, which is cultivated on a large scale in Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Rajasthan (Kota and Udaipur divisions) and Uttar Pradesh (Jhansi division). According to agricultural scientists, the weather of these states is more favorable for this DDW 47. Also its quality is also good. Notably, DDW 47 had a yellow pigment content of 7.57ppm, making it the best genotype for all pasta quality parameters. Actually, there is a lot of demand for wheat with yellow pigment in the pasta business.
DBW222 (Karan Narendra): This variety is cultivated in entire Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan (except Kota and Udaipur divisions) and Western UP. Apart from this, it is also grown in many states. If we talk about its specialty, then the height of its plant can be up to 108 cm. It ripens within 140 to 150 days. After this it can be harvested.
DBW187 (Karan Vandana): The weather of many states including Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan (except Kota and Udaipur divisions) and Western UP has been considered favorable for this. One hectare yields 61.3 quintals of wheat. Its potential yield has been considered as 96.6 quintals per hectare. Plant height can be up to 105 cm. Grains appear in plants within 94 to 103 days. Whereas, it becomes ready for cutting in 139-157 days.
DBW 187 (Karan Vandana): The weather in the plains of central and eastern UP, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal, Assam and north-eastern states is good for this. The yield of this variety is 48.8 quintals per hectare, while the potential yield – 64.7q/ha has been assumed. The height of the plant is 100 cm. Whereas, its crop gets ready after ripening in 118-124 days.
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