Now farmers in Kosi-seemanchal areas of Bihar maize cultivation moving away from. Due to climate change and rising agricultural costs, farmers are now getting less profit in maize. Many types of products are prepared from corn, yet farmers’ favorite maize is getting away from the field. Because Bihar’s corn is proving difficult to prove itself in the market.
According to Pappu Yadav, president of the Grain Traders Association, exporters are looking for high quality food grains and not in large quantities. “It is very easy. If they do not get the required quality, they will get food grains from other regions. Result: Farmers do not get fair price, and hence leave corn to grow wheat and paddy. Till July 8, maize was sown in only 31.84 lakh hectares in the state as compared to 41.63 lakh hectares in the same period last year. That is, this time there has been a decline of 23.53 percent in the cultivation of corn.
Crop theft is a big issue
Situated in the northeastern part of Bihar, Kosi-Simanchal comprises seven districts of Araria, Madhepura, Saharsa, Supaul, Purnia, Kishanganj and Katihar. Gulab Bagh Mandi in Purnia is considered to be the largest maize trading center internationally. India’s export of maize to neighboring countries, including Nepal, is mostly done from this market. Pankaj Jha of Ekma Panchayat in Supaul district says, “Maize was cultivated in 2005 on about 35 bighas of land in our panchayat. Now there is no crop even in four bighas. Corn farmers are forced to keep a round the clock vigil, as theft is a big issue.
Nilgai also harm
The cost of cultivation of corn is also a big reason why farmers are moving away from it, says Pankaj, adding that there will be a significant increase in yield if more manures and fertilizers are used. It also means higher cost cost. This is a risky business. Nilgai eat all the grains. Arun Kumar Jha, a retired Jharkhand agriculture official says, “Climate change affects North Bihar the most. Maize cultivation requires a large amount of water and sunlight.
Farmers do not get MSP
He further pointed out that in the past few years, the sowing and harvesting of maize have been delayed due to instability in weather patterns. Sixteen years ago, the Bihar government led by Nitish Kumar repealed the Agricultural Produce Market Committee Act, mostly known as the Mandi System, and introduced it to primary agriculture to buy food grains from farmers at the Minimum Support Price (MSP). Replaced with Credit Societies (PACS). Due to this farmers do not get good prices.
Selling Corn to Pax is a Long Process
Harihar Nath Jha, a farmer and retired teacher, points out that in Bihar, selling packs is a long process. This system is not in a regulated manner in all the Panchayats. The money is deposited in the farmer’s account about five months after the grain is sold. Since most of the farmers are in need they sell their products in private mandis to get instant money.
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