Farmers can get better production from crops along with water management by adopting micro irrigation system

Water is very useful for our life as well as for agriculture and industrial sectors. As we know that India is an agricultural country, about 70 percent of its population is dependent on agriculture. The use of water in agriculture is widespread from the sowing of crops to the pre-harvest irrigation, Insecticide spraying and seed bed preparation. Irrigation is a major activity in all these activities, due to which maximum amount of water is used.

About 80 percent of ground water is used in agriculture. If this continues, it can take the form of a formidable problem, because if groundwater continues to be exploited at this rate, it can create a dreadful situation like a drought. Due to which both our life and agriculture can be affected on a large scale. The solution to all these problems lies in the micro irrigation system. About which Anshu Gangwar, Soil and Water Engineering expert of Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Parsauni, East Champaran, Bihar is telling.

Micro irrigation system prevents wastage of water

According to Anshu Gangwar, Soil and Water Engineering Specialist of Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Parsauni, East Champaran, Bihar, as a solution to the wastage of water in irrigation, new techniques of irrigation have been invented, which will increase the efficiency of water use and increase the crop yield. Also promotes. This technique is called micro irrigation system, in which drop-drop irrigation and sprinkler irrigation method are prominent. In these, drop-drop irrigation method can be adopted mainly in horticulture, vegetables and row sown crops. By this method, the farmer can reduce the water in his field to a great extent and get more yield.

In drop-drop irrigation method, the efficiency of using water is considered to be 90-95 percent and by this method we can irrigate the crop in both surface and sub-surface methods. This method makes water available drop by drop at the root of the plant. Similarly, in Fabbara method, the efficiency of using artificial method of water to crops is considered to be 80-85%. In this method water is given to the plants in the form of artificial rain. This method can be adopted in any type of crops. For example, horticulture, pulses, oilseeds, cereal crops (wheat, maize etc.). Both these methods reduce the use of insecticides and weed killers in crops by about 30 percent.

Features of Micro Irrigation

  • In this system 40-60 percent irrigation water is saved. There is an increase in the productivity of the crop by 40-60 percent.
  • Proper blending of nutrients, water and air into the roots of the plants results in high quality of the product.
  • The need to make rams and drains for watering is eliminated, hence saving money as well as labor.
  • It is very helpful on weed control, because weeds grow less due to limited surface moisture.
  • The incidence of diseases is reduced. Frost and excessive heat reduce the quality of the crop. With this irrigation the crop can be saved.
  • With this method, even if the field is not flat, that is, bumpy, the plants can be irrigated well.

climate change solution

These methods can have a great contribution in solving our today’s climate change and water problem. The Government of India and the State Government also bear 90 percent of the cost of these two methods. By adopting these methods, the farmer can reduce the cost of irrigation and can save water and get more yield.

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