Due to lack of water in Hamirpur district of Bundelkhand, agricultureFarming) is breaking his back. Due to the problem of water, farmers are forced to leave their fields fallow for the rest of the year by producing only Rabi crop in excess. The Kharif crop grows well, but the Zaid crop is limited to only 2875 hectares. Zayed crop is sown with the onset of summer, but due to the heat here, the canals, ponds dry up and the water level of the tube wells also goes down. In such a situation, only a few selected farmers are able to take Zaid crop.
Someone has rightly said that Bundelkhand Teri Ajab Kahani, neither water to the fields nor water to the stomach. It is clear from this line that the main reason for the plight of Bundelkhand is the lack of water resources only. There is neither drinking water available to the people, nor for irrigation in the fields. In such a situation, the area of rain-fed agriculture is more here. The statistics of the Agriculture Department of Hamirpur district show that agriculture is done in 325800 hectares, whereas this year Rabi crop has been sown in 282080 hectares, Kharif crop in 108969 and Zaid crop in only 2875 hectares. In comparison to Rabi crop, 279205 hectares of land is lying vacant during Zayed.
Reasons for sowing less Zaid crop
According to Dr Harishankar, the Deputy Director of Agriculture, Hamirpur district, only 101447 hectares is irrigated, or to say that 27.7 percent of the land is available for irrigation and 72.3 percent of agriculture is rain-fed. Due to this, more Rabi crop is sown, as it is a low temperature crop. It rains here from July to September. After this the winter season comes, due to which the moisture remains in the fields for many months. Rabi crops are sown in the months of October and November. For this, not much irrigation is required and good yields are obtained even in less water. In such a situation, when the summer starts, the Zaid crop is sown in the same way. Summer temperature in Bundelkhand is 49 degree Celsius. reaches to. In such a situation, ponds, canals, wells dry up and the water level of tube wells goes down, then their water supply is reduced. Due to less availability of water, farmers sow this crop only in irrigated areas.
Which crops are cultivated in Zayed?
By the way, now advanced varieties of seeds of many crops have come which give more production in less time. Zaid crop is mainly sown in February-March and harvested in June. Moong, urad pulses are prominent in this, while millet is also sown in some places. Along with this, green leafy vegetables, cantaloupe, watermelon, cucumber, indigenous cucumber and bitter gourd are also produced.
Main sources of agricultural irrigation
50% of the fields in Hamirpur district are irrigated by canals. Water reaches more parts of the districts from the canals coming out of Maudaha Dam located here. After this, irrigation is done from tube wells and then irrigation is done from rivers and wells like Betwa, Yamuna, Verma, Chandrawal. But during summer the canals dry up. The water level of some tube wells goes down. Forcibly farmers do not sow Zaid crops and leave the fields fallow.