The Kharif season crops are facing drought due to the absence of monsoon. Due to this, the production of Kharif season crops is expected to decline. In view of this, the central government has prepared a roadmap to increase the production of pulses and oilseeds crops in the Rabi season. Under which the central government will supply pulses and oilseeds crops. Seed Minikit is going to distribute seeds to farmers. The central government estimates that with better seeds, the productivity of crops can be increased by about 20-25 percent.
The Union Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare plans to minikit seeds for Rabi 2022-23 in the states producing regular pulses and oilseeds as well as in monsoon deficient areas. The minikits will be provided by the National Seed Corporation (NSC), Nafed, which is fully funded by the Government of India through the National Food Security Mission.
This is the purpose of seed minikit scheme
The Central Government has approved the Seed Minikit Program on a large scale for distribution of seeds of new high yielding varieties to the farmers with the following objectives. According to the information given by the ministry, seed minikits are being distributed with the aim of popularizing the latest crop varieties among the farmers to increase production and productivity. While covering the non-traditional area of rapeseed and mustard (R&M) in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, groundnut as major rabi oilseed for southern states like Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh , small oilseeds such as linseed in Bihar and Rajasthan and safflower in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Telangana to distribute seed minikits.
Distribution of seeds of pulse crops in 11 states
To promote pulses, the government has allocated 4.54 lakh seed minikits of pulses and urad and 4.04 lakh seed minikits of masoor to 11 states during 2022-23. For the purpose of early sowing especially in rain deficient areas, 1,11,563 kits have been provided for Uttar Pradesh, 12,500 kits for Jharkhand and 12,500 kits for Bihar.
At the same time, the ministry said that the government is also implementing a special program (TMU 370) ‘Turamasoor Urad – 370’ in 2022-23. Through which there is a plan to increase the production of lentils in 120 districts and urad in 150 districts of the country.
Production of pulses and oilseeds increased in the last 3 years
The productivity of pulses and oilseeds has increased significantly in the last 3 years. In case of pulses, the productivity has been increased from 727 kg/ha (2018-19) to 980 kg/ha (4th Advance Estimates, 2021-22) i.e. 34.8%. Similarly, productivity in oilseed crops has been increased from 1271 kg/ha (2018-19) to 1292 kg/ha (4th advance estimate, 2021-22).
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