The central government has taken two decisions in the first 24 hours before Friday to curb the export of rice. Under which on one hand the export of broken rice has been banned and on the other hand it has been decided to impose 20 percent duty on the export of non-basmati rice. The central government has taken this decision very thoughtfully. About which the Union Food Secretary Sudhanshu Pandey has given information on Friday. He told that this time during Kharif season rice production is expected to decrease by 10 to 12 million tonnes.
Food Secretary Sudhanshu Pandey said on Friday that this time there could be a loss of 10 million tonnes in the production of rice. However, if the worst-case scenario persists, 12 million tonnes less rice may be produced this year. Also he added that this is a preliminary estimate. In the states which have received good rains, the yield may improve.
Less rain is the main reason
The estimate of reduction in rice production of Kharif season has been released by the Union Food Secretary. The main reason for this is less rainfall. In fact, even during the monsoon season, this time many areas have recorded less rain. Due to this the cultivation of paddy has been affected. It is important to know here that paddy cultivation is almost entirely based on monsoon rains.
Paddy sown area decreased by 38 lakh hectares
Food Secretary Sudhanshu Pandey held a press conference on Friday to explain the reason behind the ban on export of broken rice. In which he told that due to less rains in many states, so far the area under paddy in this Kharif season is less by 38 lakh hectares. According to the presentation given by the Food Secretary, due to less rainfall in four states, sowing of paddy has reduced by 25 lakh hectares. Production in these four states could be 7-8 million tonnes less. At the same time, due to diversification of other crops in other states, sowing of paddy has decreased. In fact, mainly in many districts of eastern UP, Jharkhand, Bihar, paddy cultivation has been affected due to less rainfall.
80 percent paddy is produced in Kharif season
Paddy is the main crop in many states of the country. Under which states like Telangana and West Bengal also produce paddy in Rabi and Kharif seasons. But, in the Kharif season itself, 80 percent of the total production of rice is produced. According to central government data, India’s total rice production during the 2021-22 crop year (July-June) was 130.29 million tonnes. Whereas last year’s production was 124.37 million tonnes in the country.
Surplus stock with the center, but rice prices have started rising now
Amid estimates of low rice production this year, Food Secretary Sudhanshu Pandey has assured that the country has a surplus stock of rice. But, at present, rice is pointing towards the crisis in the country. Which is indicated by rising prices of rice. Under which an increase of 6 to 8 percent has been registered in the prices of rice in the wholesale to retail markets.
With PTI input
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